Browsing: risk management

Posts Tagged ‘ risk management ’

Low Vol vs Option-Based Strategies

Oct 6th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch (@FactorResearch) INTRODUCTION Some investment products and strategies can be considered toxic given their history on Wall Street. Portfolio insurance is rarely used in marketing materials, given its role in the 1987 stock market crash. CDO-Squared instruments and structured investment vehicles (SIVs) are also unlikely toRead More


Equity Differential: A Factor in Currency Returns

Jul 23rd, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Forex, The Global Economy & Currencies, Commodities

A recent publication by two executives of State Street Associates identifies a new factor in currency turns, which it calls the “equity differential.” In effect, it argues for the viability of a trading strategy based on this factor. The paper argues that the differential in trailing equity market performance stronglyRead More


Fixing the Sharpe Ratio: A Machine Learning Approach

Jun 16th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Hedge Funds, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

The Sharpe ratio has long served as a simple but important item in the due diligence tool kit. Formulated by William F. Sharpe in 1966 and first called the “reward to variability” ratio, the number arises from an investment’s rate of return minus the risk-free rate divided by the standardRead More


Assessing Risk Measurement for a Portfolio of Hedge Funds

Jan 27th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Technology, Hedge Funds, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, Risk Management & Operations

Two scholars, Shubeur Rahman and Ranjan Bhaduri, have in a new paper taken a fresh look at a long-standing dilemma in the alternative investments industry. The question is: how should investors in hedge funds (especially in a multi-asset class, multi-strategy portfolio of hedge funds) measure the market risk inherent inRead More


Panayiotis Lambropoulos: The View from a Public Pension Manager’s Office

Nov 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, The A.I. Industry, Due Diligence Process, Institutional Investing, Alpha Hunters, Risk management, Asset allocation, Hedge Funds, Asset Allocation Models, Alternative Investments in Context, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

On Nov. 13, the 24th Annual National Pension and Institutional Investment Summit convenes in Dallas Texas. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Panayiotis Lambropoulos, portfolio manager of hedge funds at the Employees Retirement System of Texas, will offer his insights at a panel on emerging hedge fund managers. Lambropoulos’Read More


Avoiding Over-Allocation to Alternative Investments

Nov 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Hedge Funds, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Institutional Asset Management, Private Investments, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new white paper from New York Life looks at the role of alternatives in portfolio construction and argues that usual risk-return based approaches can underestimate risk and lead to over-allocation to the alternatives. The paper, by Amit Soni, an NYL portfolio manager, proposes a new method “to quantify performanceRead More


Marks on the Market

Oct 29th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The A.I. Industry

Just about 70 years ago, Benjamin Graham wrote the timeless book titled simply The Intelligent Investor. This work and others, along with his distinguished career as an economist and an investor, earned him the title of the “Father of Value Investing.” His fictional investor in this referenced book was aptly named Mr. Market andRead More


Quantifying High Performance Dispersion Risk in Alternatives

Oct 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, The A.I. Industry, Alpha & Beta, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

By Amit Soni, Portfolio Manager, Strategic Asset Allocation, New York Life Investments Lofty valuations in traditional assets have encouraged investors to explore alternatives. Unfortunately, the lack of a holistic investment framework to incorporate alternatives poses a challenge. Traditional risk-return based approaches, alone, over-allocate to alternatives–a result of underestimation of risksRead More


Self-Organizing Maps for Selecting Hedge Funds

Oct 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Asset allocation, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Hedge Funds, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I.

A new paper by Claus Huber, of Rodex Risk Advisers, looks at machine learning for risk analysis, working especially from the “self-organizing maps” associated with Finnish Professor Teuvo Kohonen. A SOM is a low-dimensional representation of input space (thinking of it as two dimensional makes the “map” analogy intuitive, andRead More


Goldman Sachs Equity Hedge Fund Report Deep Dives 13Fs

Oct 7th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Equity Hedge Funds, Alpha Strategies, Risk management, Hedge Funds, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

Working from a database drawn from 13F filings, authors of a new report from Goldman Sachs Asset Management maintain: (1) hedge funds tend to overweight equities in three markets: information technology, consumer discretionary, healthcare; (2) quarter-on-quarter turnover for equity hedge funds’ portfolios is limited; and (3) a long-only sample portfolioRead More


Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Derivatives, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Hedge Funds, Credit Derivatives, The Global Economy & Currencies, Commodities, Economics, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More


Kurtosis Diagnosis: Don’t get Skewed!

Aug 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The quote “what gets measured gets managed” is oft-times attributed to the author and consultant Peter Drucker. The origin is less significant than its modern-day meaning and, while it is most often used in the context of business management, it ports quite well into the management ofRead More


Using the Variance Risk Premium to Predict Futures Markets

Jul 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Commodities, Hard metals, Risk management, oil, Commodities, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Gold

A new study of volatility in commodity prices indicates that both the total and the decomposed variance risk premiums of at least certain commodities markets contain information with predictive power. The variance risk premium is the pay-off of the synthetic variance swap contract. Specifically, it’s the difference between the floatingRead More


Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More


Why Treasury Professionals are Building Cash Reserves

Mar 25th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

The Association of Finance Professionals recently disclosed, via its Corporate Cash Indicators, that U.S. corporations accumulated more cash in the third quarter of 2017 than had been anticipated. This is consistent with other indications: corporations are concerned about the risks of the present environment and are working to ensure theyRead More


Institutional Investors Wary of Passivity

Mar 1st, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alpha & Beta, Institutional Asset Management, SRI and Clean Energy, Allocating to A.I., Other Topics in A.I.

Natixis’ Center for Investor Insight surveyed 500 institutional investors in the fall of 2017 about long-term objectives, short-term opportunities, and the concomitant pressures. In a new paper, Natixis discusses the Center’s take-a-ways from this survey Geopolitical events are the most worrisome prospect on the minds of the decision makers atRead More


A Rhetorical Oracle?

Feb 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Fees, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Warren Buffett cashed out his bet and the final numbers are in courtesy of the Oracle’s annual shareholder letter. Unfortunately, the most important investment lessons have been completely lost, as the media and the investment sage have mostly used this as an opportunity toRead More


Below the Black: A Review of Risk Reduction Strategies

Sep 13th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Investing in Commodities, Risk management, Hedge Funds, Commodities, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA Membership while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More


Risk Management Isn’t Just Fund Selection

Apr 27th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, Due Diligence Process, Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations

New Strategies for Risk Management in Private Equity, a new book from Private Equity International, is an anthology of papers on the titular subject. It is edited by Dr. Ivan Herger to offer investors in PE new perspectives on the field. Herger, a managing director at Capital Dynamics, has aRead More


The State of the OTC Index Dividend Swap Market

Feb 9th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Derivatives, Equity-linked Structured Products, Structured Products, Risk Management & Operations

In a new article in the Journal of Alternative Investments, Scott Mixon and Esen Onur quantify the over the counter index dividend swap market. Along the way, they provide a good example of the scientific method: positing a relationship, testing it against the data, and then abandoning it when theRead More


Why are Bank Stress Tests like Student/Instructor Evaluations?

Aug 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Two scholars affiliated with Columbia University have contributed to the ongoing discussion of Federal Reserve stress tests and their consequences in an article in the Journal of Alternative Investments. Stress tests have become a big part of the U.S. regulatory scene since 2009, with the creation that year of theRead More


Credit Derivatives in China: A 2014 Presentation Recalled

May 19th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

The People’s Bank of China launched two seemingly important products in 2010: the Credit Risk Mitigation Agreement and the Credit Risk Mitigation Warrant. I refer to them as “seemingly” important because they addressed a large issue in a vast economy, and did so in what seemed to many a commendablyRead More


Risk Management & the Trouble with Capacity-Driven Decisions

Apr 28th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investing in Commodities, Risk management, Commodities, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

A recent CAIA member contribution by Kathryn Kaminski, director of investment strategies at Campbell & Co., discusses the quantification of CTA risk management.  It is worth a look, not least because it amounts to a warning about how underperformance can result for the re-jiggering of allocation for capacity constraints. KaminskiRead More


AIMA’s Guide to the Bamboo Bridge of Operations

Feb 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Due Diligence Process, Regulatory Environment, Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

How sturdy can a bamboo bridge be? The front page of a new Guide from The Alternative Investment Management Association consists of a photo of a bamboo bridge, apparently on a beach, as seen from below. That is, this is the view of someone on whom the bridge would fall,Read More


Risk Parity: Riding an Unpleasant Arc

Sep 27th, 2015 | Filed under: Asset Allocation Models

Risk parity may just be one of many strategies that follow a familiar arc, from promising new idea to crowded trade to crowded unwind. If this is so: where in that arc is it now? Read More


The Delusions a Boom Can Bring and the Perils of Chasing Hedge Fund Winners

Aug 28th, 2014 | Filed under: Portable Alpha & Alpha/Beta Separation, Institutional Investing, Alpha Hunters, Alpha Strategies, Risk management

For an investor allocating slots in its portfolio to hedge funds, the draw of recent outsized performance can be powerful. Thus, the temptation to chase winners. But two members of the Hedge Fund Strategies Group at Commonfund caution against it. Read More


EDHEC on Time Horizons and Glide Paths

Apr 16th, 2013 | Filed under: Risk management

Generalized considerations about equity and mean reversion have been institutionalized with the creation of glide path or "life-cycle" funds. but the authors of a new EDHEC paper contend that the glide paths defined by these funds don't represent the optimal approach to portfolio allocation.Read More


Risk Management versus Risk Mitigation & Absolute Return versus Hedge Funds

Jan 31st, 2013 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Alpha Strategies

Rene Levesque looks at risk management and absolute return from an industry practitioner's point of view.Read More


Managing Risk in Fixed Income Markets

Dec 20th, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

Vikas Shah discusses fixed-income risk management with Kevin Anderson, SSgA.Read More


140% or More: Rehypothecation for Risk Managers

Nov 28th, 2012 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Risk management

As David Belmont reminds us in his new paper for the Commonfund Institute, in the U.S. there are limits on the practrice of rehypothecation. A broker can only reuse in this way assets of up to 140 percent of the value of the client's liability to said broker. Intriguingly, in the U.K. there are no such statutory limits. Read More


Risk Budgeting: Newer Approaches than the ‘New Approach’ of 2000

Oct 10th, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

It is not simply that VaR as classically formulated presumes a Bell curve with the very narrow tails that implies (although that is one of Stephen Rahl's criticisms in his contribution to this book, it is by now pretty much everybody's criticism). Other problems are: that VaR treats the past as the guarantor of the future, and that it arbitrarily identifies variance with risk.Read More


Wanting to Hedge and Wondering How

Sep 30th, 2012 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Institutional Investing, Risk management

Institutional investors and consultants are by now very sensitive to the fact of fat tail risk, and are no longer confident that diversification among traditional asset classes is a sufficient approach to the management of this risk. Portfolio changes now underway reflect this heightened sensitivity.Read More


Selling Options: Strategies and Results

Jun 6th, 2012 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Risk management

A dollar invested in the PutWrite Index in 1986 would have been worth $12.53 in January 2011. That represents annualized growth of 10.4 percent. ACG concluded that such option writing strategy-based indexes “could appeal to investors who are concerned about low interest rates, increased volatility, illiquid investments, or sluggish stock market returns.”Read More


Of Falling Risks and Indexes

May 1st, 2012 | Filed under: Commodities, Indexes, Risk management

Any quantitative strategy is susceptible to being reduced to an index, and along with this, to transparency and routine. Once this happens, that "alpha" becomes "beta," and the 2 + 20 fees are no longer available. A manager in search of alpha will have to move beyond that strategy, peeling away that layer of the onion and going to a deeper, not-yet-indexable, strategy. Read More


Too Many Worries or Too Few for Pension Fund Sponsors

Mar 20th, 2012 | Filed under: Institutional Investing, Risk management

The top four risks facing pension fund sponsors, in the order of importance assigned to them by those sponsors, are: underfunding of liabilities; asset & liability mismatch; asset allocation; meeting return goals. These are the same four goals that were top rated last year. “The year-over-year consistency in the top four risk factors … is not entirely surprising” the study authors say. The consultancy and actuarial firm Milliman lowered the average discount rate from 4.53 percent in November to 4.25 percent in December 2011. Read More


Axioma to Quants: Beware of Cherry Picking by Optimizers

Mar 15th, 2012 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading

Reliance on optimization tools that in turn rely on standard “user risk factors” will make factor alignment worse, caution three executives of Axioma. An optimizer will cherry pick “the aspects of the model of expected returns that it deems desirable when gauged on the yardstick of marginal contribution to systemic risk.” This amounts to making, and betting on, the erroneous assumption that a lack of correlation with the used risk factors is a lack of systemic risk altogether.Read More


Taking A Global Look at Risk and Correlations

Feb 21st, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

Comparing the different editions of the Axioma Quarterly Risk Review for 4th Quarter 2011 leaves some fascinating insights. For example, it is becoming more difficult over time, in much of the world, for investors to create significant diversification within the (domestic) equity portion of their portfolio, because the correlations of stock pairs have been increasing.Read More