Browsing: risk management

Posts Tagged ‘ risk management ’

Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Credit Derivatives, Derivatives, Economics, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More

Kurtosis Diagnosis: Don’t get Skewed!

Aug 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The quote “what gets measured gets managed” is oft-times attributed to the author and consultant Peter Drucker. The origin is less significant than its modern-day meaning and, while it is most often used in the context of business management, it ports quite well into the management ofRead More

Using the Variance Risk Premium to Predict Futures Markets

Jul 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Gold, Hard metals, Newly Added, oil, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

A new study of volatility in commodity prices indicates that both the total and the decomposed variance risk premiums of at least certain commodities markets contain information with predictive power. The variance risk premium is the pay-off of the synthetic variance swap contract. Specifically, it’s the difference between the floatingRead More

Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Technology

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More

Why Treasury Professionals are Building Cash Reserves

Mar 25th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

The Association of Finance Professionals recently disclosed, via its Corporate Cash Indicators, that U.S. corporations accumulated more cash in the third quarter of 2017 than had been anticipated. This is consistent with other indications: corporations are concerned about the risks of the present environment and are working to ensure theyRead More

Institutional Investors Wary of Passivity

Mar 1st, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha & Beta, Institutional Asset Management, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., SRI and Clean Energy

Natixis’ Center for Investor Insight surveyed 500 institutional investors in the fall of 2017 about long-term objectives, short-term opportunities, and the concomitant pressures. In a new paper, Natixis discusses the Center’s take-a-ways from this survey Geopolitical events are the most worrisome prospect on the minds of the decision makers atRead More

A Rhetorical Oracle?

Feb 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Fees, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Newly Added, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Warren Buffett cashed out his bet and the final numbers are in courtesy of the Oracle’s annual shareholder letter. Unfortunately, the most important investment lessons have been completely lost, as the media and the investment sage have mostly used this as an opportunity toRead More

Below the Black: A Review of Risk Reduction Strategies

Sep 13th, 2017 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Investing in Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA Membership while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More

Risk Management Isn’t Just Fund Selection

Apr 27th, 2017 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations

New Strategies for Risk Management in Private Equity, a new book from Private Equity International, is an anthology of papers on the titular subject. It is edited by Dr. Ivan Herger to offer investors in PE new perspectives on the field. Herger, a managing director at Capital Dynamics, has aRead More

The State of the OTC Index Dividend Swap Market

Feb 9th, 2017 | Filed under: Derivatives, Equity-linked Structured Products, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Structured Products

In a new article in the Journal of Alternative Investments, Scott Mixon and Esen Onur quantify the over the counter index dividend swap market. Along the way, they provide a good example of the scientific method: positing a relationship, testing it against the data, and then abandoning it when theRead More

Why are Bank Stress Tests like Student/Instructor Evaluations?

Aug 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Two scholars affiliated with Columbia University have contributed to the ongoing discussion of Federal Reserve stress tests and their consequences in an article in the Journal of Alternative Investments. Stress tests have become a big part of the U.S. regulatory scene since 2009, with the creation that year of theRead More

Credit Derivatives in China: A 2014 Presentation Recalled

May 19th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

The People’s Bank of China launched two seemingly important products in 2010: the Credit Risk Mitigation Agreement and the Credit Risk Mitigation Warrant. I refer to them as “seemingly” important because they addressed a large issue in a vast economy, and did so in what seemed to many a commendablyRead More

Risk Management & the Trouble with Capacity-Driven Decisions

Apr 28th, 2016 | Filed under: Commodities, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A recent CAIA member contribution by Kathryn Kaminski, director of investment strategies at Campbell & Co., discusses the quantification of CTA risk management.  It is worth a look, not least because it amounts to a warning about how underperformance can result for the re-jiggering of allocation for capacity constraints. KaminskiRead More

AIMA’s Guide to the Bamboo Bridge of Operations

Feb 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Operations, Regulatory Environment, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

How sturdy can a bamboo bridge be? The front page of a new Guide from The Alternative Investment Management Association consists of a photo of a bamboo bridge, apparently on a beach, as seen from below. That is, this is the view of someone on whom the bridge would fall,Read More

Risk Parity: Riding an Unpleasant Arc

Sep 27th, 2015 | Filed under: Asset Allocation Models

Risk parity may just be one of many strategies that follow a familiar arc, from promising new idea to crowded trade to crowded unwind. If this is so: where in that arc is it now? Read More

The Delusions a Boom Can Bring and the Perils of Chasing Hedge Fund Winners

Aug 28th, 2014 | Filed under: Alpha Hunters, Alpha Strategies, Institutional Investing, Portable Alpha & Alpha/Beta Separation, Risk management

For an investor allocating slots in its portfolio to hedge funds, the draw of recent outsized performance can be powerful. Thus, the temptation to chase winners. But two members of the Hedge Fund Strategies Group at Commonfund caution against it. Read More

EDHEC on Time Horizons and Glide Paths

Apr 16th, 2013 | Filed under: Risk management

Generalized considerations about equity and mean reversion have been institutionalized with the creation of glide path or "life-cycle" funds. but the authors of a new EDHEC paper contend that the glide paths defined by these funds don't represent the optimal approach to portfolio allocation.Read More

Risk Management versus Risk Mitigation & Absolute Return versus Hedge Funds

Jan 31st, 2013 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Hedge Fund Industry Trends

Rene Levesque looks at risk management and absolute return from an industry practitioner's point of view.Read More

Managing Risk in Fixed Income Markets

Dec 20th, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

Vikas Shah discusses fixed-income risk management with Kevin Anderson, SSgA.Read More

140% or More: Rehypothecation for Risk Managers

Nov 28th, 2012 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Risk management

As David Belmont reminds us in his new paper for the Commonfund Institute, in the U.S. there are limits on the practrice of rehypothecation. A broker can only reuse in this way assets of up to 140 percent of the value of the client's liability to said broker. Intriguingly, in the U.K. there are no such statutory limits. Read More

Risk Budgeting: Newer Approaches than the ‘New Approach’ of 2000

Oct 10th, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

It is not simply that VaR as classically formulated presumes a Bell curve with the very narrow tails that implies (although that is one of Stephen Rahl's criticisms in his contribution to this book, it is by now pretty much everybody's criticism). Other problems are: that VaR treats the past as the guarantor of the future, and that it arbitrarily identifies variance with risk.Read More

Wanting to Hedge and Wondering How

Sep 30th, 2012 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Institutional Investing, Risk management

Institutional investors and consultants are by now very sensitive to the fact of fat tail risk, and are no longer confident that diversification among traditional asset classes is a sufficient approach to the management of this risk. Portfolio changes now underway reflect this heightened sensitivity.Read More

Selling Options: Strategies and Results

Jun 6th, 2012 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Risk management

A dollar invested in the PutWrite Index in 1986 would have been worth $12.53 in January 2011. That represents annualized growth of 10.4 percent. ACG concluded that such option writing strategy-based indexes “could appeal to investors who are concerned about low interest rates, increased volatility, illiquid investments, or sluggish stock market returns.”Read More

Of Falling Risks and Indexes

May 1st, 2012 | Filed under: Commodities, Indexes, Risk management

Any quantitative strategy is susceptible to being reduced to an index, and along with this, to transparency and routine. Once this happens, that "alpha" becomes "beta," and the 2 + 20 fees are no longer available. A manager in search of alpha will have to move beyond that strategy, peeling away that layer of the onion and going to a deeper, not-yet-indexable, strategy. Read More

Too Many Worries or Too Few for Pension Fund Sponsors

Mar 20th, 2012 | Filed under: Institutional Investing, Risk management

The top four risks facing pension fund sponsors, in the order of importance assigned to them by those sponsors, are: underfunding of liabilities; asset & liability mismatch; asset allocation; meeting return goals. These are the same four goals that were top rated last year. “The year-over-year consistency in the top four risk factors … is not entirely surprising” the study authors say. The consultancy and actuarial firm Milliman lowered the average discount rate from 4.53 percent in November to 4.25 percent in December 2011. Read More

Axioma to Quants: Beware of Cherry Picking by Optimizers

Mar 15th, 2012 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading

Reliance on optimization tools that in turn rely on standard “user risk factors” will make factor alignment worse, caution three executives of Axioma. An optimizer will cherry pick “the aspects of the model of expected returns that it deems desirable when gauged on the yardstick of marginal contribution to systemic risk.” This amounts to making, and betting on, the erroneous assumption that a lack of correlation with the used risk factors is a lack of systemic risk altogether.Read More

Taking A Global Look at Risk and Correlations

Feb 21st, 2012 | Filed under: Risk management

Comparing the different editions of the Axioma Quarterly Risk Review for 4th Quarter 2011 leaves some fascinating insights. For example, it is becoming more difficult over time, in much of the world, for investors to create significant diversification within the (domestic) equity portion of their portfolio, because the correlations of stock pairs have been increasing.Read More