Browsing: The Global Economy & Currencies

The Global Economy & Currencies

Trade Tensions, Tariffs and European Volatility

May 30th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Derivatives, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Business News, Economics, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Mark Shore As the discussions of trade wars and tariffs persisted throughout 2018 and into 2019, it may have influenced a sense of uncertainty in the global financial and commodity markets as companies might have to rethink their supply chains and manage potential disruptions and at least in theRead More


Quants in China: Which Factors Work?

May 28th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Equity Hedge Funds, Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets

The outperformance of the size, value, and reversal factors is strong, but the momentum factor, which has performed well in the U.S., does not work in China. This is the conclusion of a new white paper published by  Neuberger Berman about quantitative investing in China A shares. It has aRead More


The Two Faces of Investing in Renewables

May 27th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Investing in Commodities, Equity Hedge Funds, Socially responsible investing, Hedge Funds, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Alternative energy, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Frontier markets, SRI and Clean Energy, Other Topics in A.I.

Renewable energy, however defined, is widely seen as a sustainable and socially responsible (and, if the investing is done right, very profitable) addition to one’s portfolio. Indeed, such entities as the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, an Ohio based research-and-analysis shop, exist to show that renewables are theRead More


Price Discovery in the Bitcoin Markets

Apr 30th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Frontier markets, Other Topics in A.I.

Tatja Karkkainen, a scholar on financial technology who is pursuing a PhD at the University of Glasgow, has written an illuminating paper on price discovery in the bitcoin markets. She begins with the observation that CBOE and CME introduced bitcoin futures in December 2017, “as the first institutional standard cryptocurrencyRead More


Hedge Funds and the EUR/CHF Trade

Apr 22nd, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Strategies, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Equity Hedge Funds, Forex, Hedge Funds, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics

Three scholars affiliated with JP Morgan Chase have written a paper on hedge fund behavior ahead of meetings of the Swiss National Bank, with the idea of shedding light on the consequences of the timing of central bank announcements more generally. They conclude that the SNB contributed to the volatilityRead More


Frame It- Painting A Picture Investors Want To See

Apr 1st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Funds, Alternative Investments in Context, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Diane Harrison Hedge fund investors and marketers seem glad to let go of 2018 and its disappointing finish, down 3.41%, a marked decline from 2017’s 11.99% gain. And yet, 2019 markets started the year with an upswing, reflecting the hope that springs eternal in capital raising. Alternatives managers willRead More


BLACK SWANS, MAJOR EVENTS & FACTOR RETURNS

Mar 24th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch INTRODUCTION Investors fear black swan events, although it can be argued that this fear is irrational. The black swan theory is a metaphor that describes a surprise event that has a major impact and is often rationalized with hindsight. A recent example would be theRead More


Bayesian Probability Theory and a Hierarchical Learning Portfolio

Mar 19th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, The Global Economy & Currencies, Business News, Finance & Economics

Two scholars working with Bayesian probability theory recently published a fascinating discussion of market timing and portfolio efficiency. They have proposed what they call a “hierarchical ensemble learning portfolio.” Yes, that sounds rather heavy on the jargon. We’ll break it down a bit in what follows. The authors of theRead More


World Currency: Who Needs a Numeraire?

Mar 10th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Forex, The Global Economy & Currencies, Finance & Economics

One startling fact about the new book, How Global Currencies Work: Past Present and Future, is to be found in the index. One would normally expect, from a title and subtitle like that, that there would be a lot of pages enumerated at the index heading “Bretton Woods.” After all,Read More


Alpha: The Rise of the Middle Class in Emerging Markets

Feb 21st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Investing in Commodities, Financial Economics Theory, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Commodities, Finance & Economics

A new paper from State Street Global Advisors takes a sociological approach to the search for alpha in emerging market nations. It contends that the “major theme for growth” in the emerging markets moving forward will be “based on the rise of the middle class and rising consumption in theseRead More


Can LIBOR Be Replaced?

Feb 12th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Derivatives, The A.I. Industry, Credit Derivatives, Economics, Macroeconomics, Structured Products, Finance & Economics

Given a long wave of scandals that lasted from 2008 until 2012, most of the derivatives industry, and most of its regulators, have agreed that the London Interbank Offered rate [Libor] ought to be replaced by a more tamper-resistant mechanism. Surely there must be an index that will measure theRead More


How Public Pension Funds are Subsidizing Infrastructure

Jan 29th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Infrastructure, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Investing, Socially responsible investing, Alternative energy, Operationally Intensive Real Assets, Institutional Asset Management, Frontier markets, Real Assets, SRI and Clean Energy

Public pension funds in the United States invest in infrastructure. Unfortunately, they aren’t very good at it. A recent working paper of the NBER concludes, indeed, that public pensions are so bad at such investments that they—and thus either the public or its retirees or both—are unwittingly subsidizing infrastructure projects.Read More


An Emerging Market Nation Defaults: A Case Study

Jan 24th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Emerging markets, Finance & Economics

A new book by Hassan Malik may serve as a caution for alternative investors operating in the emerging markets, in the form of a case study about the politics of default. Malik is an emerging markets strategist at Ned Davis Research in London. His new book, Bankers and Bolsheviks, beganRead More


Nick Pollard: The View from Mumbai

Jan 21st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Economics, Macroeconomics

On Jan. 11,  the CFA Society India hosted the 9th Annual India Investment Conference in Mumbai. CAIA was a platinum sponsor of this event.  The theme of this year’s IIC was “investing insights for uncertain times.” Nick Pollard, Managing Director, Asia Pacific at CFA Institute, kicked things off with aRead More


CORPORATE DEBT IN THE CHINESE STOCK MARKET

Jan 17th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Frontier markets, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Nicolas Rabener, CAIA, Factor Research Summary: China exhibits the world’s highest corporate debt as % of GDP However, Chinese stocks are not significantly more levered than U.S. stocks Asset and debt growth has stalled in 2018, likely indicating an economic slowdown INTRODUCTION The McKinsey Global Institute published an influentialRead More


How Bayesians Solve the Markowitz Problem

Jan 13th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, CAPM / Alpha Theory, Financial Economics Theory, Behavioral finance, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

Understanding of the “Markowitz problem” has changed in the 60+ years since Harry Markowitz’ publication of an article in the Journal of Finance that outlined the basics of modern portfolio theory. The problem is that portfolio theory requires an investor to estimate risk, return, and correlation from market data, meaningRead More


‘Great Moderation?’ Forget about it, says new Fed working paper

Jan 10th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

A new working paper from the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago looks at the real risk-free interest rate over the last 30 years, where it has been trending, and why that trend hasn’t had the consequences one might intuitively have predicted. The paper, Accounting for Macro-Finance Trends, is the workRead More


Top 5 Alpha Stories of 2018

Dec 30th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Regulatory Environment, Hedge Funds, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Equity Types of Private Equity, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Issues in Private Investments, Private Investments

Five stories stand out as the dominant stories for and about pursuers of alpha in the year just passed. There is nothing arbitrary about the list below. We admit, though, that the order in which we present them is arbitrary: that is, it is not a ranking, and it isRead More


The Wright Stuff

Dec 17th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The Global Economy & Currencies, Alternative Investments in Context, Economics, Macroeconomics, Allocating to A.I., Finance & Economics

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association One hundred and fifteen years ago today two Wrights tried to make it right when it came time to ponder the prospect of flying the friendly skies. On that day in an open field in a place called Kill Devil Hills, the first recorded airplane flight took off and safelyRead More


McKinsey on Asia’s Asset Managers

Dec 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Industry Size & Managers, Asset Managers, Regulatory, Regulatory Environment, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Economics, Allocating to A.I.

Assets under management for Asia’s managers have ballooned in the last 10 years, with an increase on average of 9% annually. Performance has been such as to encourage inflow. A recent study by McKinsey suggests that the “good times” will “keep rolling.” But it also cautions that the opportunities inRead More


FACTOR INVESTING MADE IN CHINA Harvesting Factor Returns in the Middle Kingdom

Dec 13th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Nicolas Rabener, CAIA, Factor Research Summary: Common equity factors generated attractive risk-adjusted returns in the Chinese stock market Factor performance in China often mirrors global factor performance Indicates common factor drivers that permeate even emerging and isolated markets INTRODUCTION Economic news like changes in GDP growth are frequently usedRead More


ISSA Reports on the Crypto-Infrastructure

Dec 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Frontier markets, Other Topics in A.I.

This has been a terrible year for cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin, the flagship for the asset class, peaked in the middle of December 2017 at a value of above $17,000. By the end of January this year, it was below $10,000. By September BTC had settled into a price range of $6,500.Read More


A Move from Otherness to Better Global Governance 

Dec 10th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Macroeconomics

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The resolution season will soon be upon us. Many will aspire to eat less, exercise more, be better partners or parents, or maybe even sit for the March 2019 CAIA Exam. Resolve doesn’t always make it across the finish line though, even with the very best ofRead More


Distressed Debt: What Happens When the Tree Stops Growing?

Dec 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Hedge Funds, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Finance & Economics

Distressed debt markets have four themes emerging, according to a new paper issued by the Wells Fargo Investment Institute They are: the consequences of central bank tightenings around the globe; the elevation of debt levels, also something happening globally; the regulatory pressure over non-conforming loans (especially in Europe); and theRead More


Jeff Diehl: The View from SuperReturn Japan, Part I

Dec 4th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, The A.I. Industry, Debt Types of Private Equity, Venture capital, Equity Types of Private Equity, The Global Economy & Currencies, Other Issues in Private Investments, Economics, Private Investments, Frontier markets, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

On Wednesday, December 5, in Tokyo, Japan, the SuperReturn Japan 2018 event convenes. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Jeff Diehl, managing partner at Adams Street Partners, a multi-national investment manager with more than $35 billion in assets under management, is attending. He will participate in a panel WednesdayRead More


Steamrollers, Geniuses and Market Crashes

Nov 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Operations, Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Relative Value Hedge Funds, Risk Management & Operations, Finance & Economics

McGraw Hill Education has brought out a new book by Bruce I. Jacobs, of Jacobs Levy Equity Management. The book, Too Smart for our Own Good, concerns “ingenious investment strategies, illusions of safety, and market crashes.” The thesis is that the financial crises of recent decades are the consequence ofRead More


Picnicking and Nitpicking  

Nov 19th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, Finance & Economics

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association What is a complex transaction without a battery of lawyers to paper it up. These legal minds are an integral part of most transactions and their presence is mostly felt at the time of deal creation and, maybe even more so, when things go offRead More


The Trinity Of Errors In Financial Models: An Introductory Analysis

Oct 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Deepak Kanungo, Founder and CEO of Hedged Capital LLC In this introductory article, we explore three types of errors inherent in all financial models. We examine these errors using a simple probabilistic model that can be used for predicting the federal funds rate, an interest rate of seminal importanceRead More


 Shariah Finance, Volatility, Clientele Effects

Oct 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Frontier markets, Finance & Economics

Two recent scholarly papers take distinctive looks at the sukuk market in Malaysia. Accordingly, each contributes to the ongoing discussions and evaluations of the place of Islamic finance within the broader global (and alpha-seeking) picture. Sukuk are bond-like instruments structured to pay profit, not interest, that are sold chiefly toRead More


Modi Operandi

Oct 1st, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Frontier markets, Macroeconomics

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association What’s your liquidity M.O.? If you are less than certain, it is time to look east toward the country of India and the land of Modi. After all, when 1.3 billion people cough there is a decent chance the rest of the world justRead More


Cryptocurrency Arbitrage: Two Looks

Sep 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Do investors arbitrage cryptocurrencies? Two recent studies offer a “yes” answer, though they in certain other respects differ significantly in their conclusions. Specifically, one study shows that in one respect arbitrage has done its duty and effectively eliminated the opportunities for arb profits, enforcing efficiency. In other situations, though, theRead More


The View from Las Vegas: Quiet Buying? Aggressive Buying?

Sep 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, Emerging markets, Digital currencies, Commodities, Personalities in AI, Alternative Investments in Context, Commodities: Examples, Gold

On Sept. 24, the 9th Annual Inside Alternatives and Asset Allocation event convenes at Wynn Las Vegas, with CAIA sponsorship. The purpose of the event: to look beyond traditional alternative investments and strategies, to take the measure of a new breed of alternatives, including impact/SRIs, cryptocurrencies, and the application ofRead More


10 Years Later: Glasner Looks Back at the GFC

Sep 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Equity Hedge Funds, Hedge Funds, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

David Glasner, an economist with the Federal Trade Commission, in a new Mercatus Research Paper, offers what he calls a “deeper explanation of the financial crisis of 2008 and the subsequent recovery.” Deeper than what? Deeper than attributing the bust to the bursting of the housing price bubble. Glasner’s newRead More


Prepping for an Emerging Market Rebound

Sep 17th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Emerging markets, Finance & Economics

Two executives at the Neuberger Berman Group have prepared a paper on what they call the “overall case for a recovery in emerging market debts” in the months to come. Investors will want to “be around” for such a rebound, they say. There are obviously now, and there will continueRead More


Are ICOs Encoding Their Governance Promises?

Sep 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Scholars affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania recently produced a paper about digital currencies and initial coin offerings, “Coin Operated Capitalism.” The gist of the paper is that the purchase of such tokens may be riskier than investors have thus far been led to expect and may entail more risk thanRead More


Back to the 1980s for future market insights

Sep 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Business News, Economics, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Christina Zhu, of the University of Pennsylvania, in a recent paper, looks at the consequences of Big Data for corporate management. What “Big Data” means depends on who is talking or writing about it. For economists working within the classic microeconomic framework, it means a drastic fall in the cost of acquiring information.Read More


Cryptocurrencies: Alpha and Malta

Aug 30th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Malta was the first jurisdiction within the EU to develop a regulatory system for collective investment schemes that invest in cryptocurrencies. A new paper offering what it calls a “top-down analysis” of hedge funds involved with cryptos details the regulatory framework now in force in Malta, highlighting the set-up andRead More


Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Derivatives, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Hedge Funds, Credit Derivatives, The Global Economy & Currencies, Commodities, Economics, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More


Liquidity: The Taxi-onomy of Supply and Demand 

Aug 13th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The CAIA Association has partnered with AIMA to develop a series of educational papers designed to equip trustees and other fiduciaries with the proper tools to assist them in their risk oversight responsibilities. The third installment covered the use and deployment of leverage in alternative funds and we are now putting theRead More


The Structure of the Securities Lending Market

Aug 2nd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Financial Economics Theory, Behavioral finance, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

An author affiliated with the National University of Singapore and one with Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany, have co-authored a paper on the structure of the securities lending market: specifically, on the fact that this market is an oligopoly, and on the implications that has for pricing. The general outlines areRead More


Active Management, the Business Cycle, and the Silk Road

Jul 31st, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Retail Investing, Alpha & Beta, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics, Allocating to A.I., Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

LPL Financial’s 2018 Forum Conference for investors took place in Boston this week, Sunday through Tuesday. This is an annual event that brings together thousands of advisors and program managers to discuss industry issues and new products. LPL is an independent broker-dealer headquartered in Boston, with offices in Fort Mill,Read More


Centralized Exchanges and Cryptocurrencies

Jul 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Investing in Commodities, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Commodities, Finance & Economics

Cryptocurrencies are increasingly traded on centralized exchanges, such as Gemini and Coinbase. This fact itself has generated some resentment in the crypto world, because the very idea of  centralized exchange seems to violate the original anarchic animating spirit of the cryptocurrencies, even of “Satoshi” himself. Vitalik Buterin, who as the creatorRead More


BarclayHedge Numbers Show Cryptocurrency Dive

Jul 19th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, CTA, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Other Topics in A.I.

BarclayHedge says that its flash estimate for the Barclay CTA Index shows a 0.05% loss in June, and a 2% loss year to date. More remarkably, the flash estimate shows a 16.23% drop in June and a 45.43% drop YTD for the CryptoCurrency Traders Index. The founder and president ofRead More


The Crypto ‘Bubble’ as Seen From Boston College

Jul 5th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Two scholars affiliated with Boston College, Carroll School of Management, have published a study of initial coin offerings (ICOs), that has given a mixed verdict on the common contention that cryptocurrencies in general and ICOs in particular constitute a “bubble” akin to, say, 17th century tulips or the mortgage derivativesRead More


The Efficiency of the Markets in Crypto-Currencies

Jun 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics

Three scholars affiliated with Johns Hopkins have evaluated cryptocurrency investing, in a new paper available at SSRN, and have concluded that “near-term cryptocurrency markets are semi-strong form efficient.” That bit of finance theorist jargon means that all publicly available information gets discounted quickly into an asset’s price, so that neitherRead More


A Talk on the What and Whys of Cryptocurrencies

Jun 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

The Battle of the Quants came to New York City on Wednesday, June 20, and the CAIA Association was one of its media sponsors. Much of the event involved cryptocurrencies, including an exchange between John D’Agostino (the global head of investor engagement at DMS Governance) and Nouriel Roubini, Chairman ofRead More


Africa Still Rising (but Patience May Be Required)

Jun 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, High-net-worth investors, Emerging markets, Private Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

The Emerging Markets Private Equity Association, in a new report, suggests that the “Africa Rising” narrative of a few years ago is behind us. Africa is seen still as having enormous potential. But the report also says, “the commodity downturn of the last several years has had a severe impactRead More


Eurekahedge on Japan as an Investment Mandate

May 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Institutional Investing, The Global Economy & Currencies, Institutional Asset Management, Macroeconomics, Allocating to A.I.

Eurekahedge has recently concluded its fifth annual survey of asset managers with mandates to invest in Japan. In the words of Eurekahedge chairman and CEO, Satoshi Iwanaga: “Survey results for 2018 suggest that central bank normalization is still a long way off in Japan, with investors continuing to reduce theirRead More


Bitcoin Futures ETFs: SEC Requests Comment

Apr 8th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

In December last year the NYSE Arca Inc. filed a proposed rule change that would allow for the creation of Exchange Traded Funds investing in Bitcoin futures contracts, and, potentially, in other related Financial Instruments. In January 2018 the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission extended its review of this proposal.Read More


Reducing Dependence on (L)IBOR

Mar 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The Global Economy & Currencies, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management & Operations, Finance & Economics

A creation of the mid-1980s, the London Interbank Offered rate (LIBOR) became immensely influential over the three decades that followed. It became a reference rate for both finance and commerce for the rate of nearly risk-free interest, and in the process it spawned other IBORs, including EURIBOR and Japan’s TIBOR.Read More