Browsing: Other Topics in A.I.

Other Topics in A.I.

Smart Beta and Tail Events

Feb 5th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, Liquid Alternative Investiments, Business News, Smart Beta, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

A sound “portfolio optimization strategy” is one that takes into consideration how its assets are behaving in the bad times, those that represent the left-side tail of the bell curve. This is not all that novel an idea, but Maria Kartsakli and Felix Schlumpf, Zurich Insurance Company executives, give itRead More


Modeling the Volatility of Crypto Exchange Rates

Jan 31st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Regulatory Environment, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

GARCH (Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity) models are very useful for estimating the volatility for a lot of more traditional assets (stocks and bonds) and their indices, which is why they’ve been around since the 1980s. But when they’re used for Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and Litecoin they yield incorrect predictions forRead More


How Public Pension Funds are Subsidizing Infrastructure

Jan 29th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Infrastructure, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Investing, Socially responsible investing, Alternative energy, Operationally Intensive Real Assets, Institutional Asset Management, Frontier markets, Real Assets, SRI and Clean Energy

Public pension funds in the United States invest in infrastructure. Unfortunately, they aren’t very good at it. A recent working paper of the NBER concludes, indeed, that public pensions are so bad at such investments that they—and thus either the public or its retirees or both—are unwittingly subsidizing infrastructure projects.Read More


What Aren’t They Saying—Unspoken Investor Feedback

Jan 28th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

By Diane Harrison Pitching to investors can be an unnerving process even for sales professionals. No one wants to be in the position of needing someone to buy in, literally, to what they are selling in order to stay alive in business. Yet for most fund managers, this is exactlyRead More


Next Stop, The Opportunity Zone

Jan 28th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Qualified Opportunity Zones, Emerging Alternative Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Witness if you will… This was often the opening line of Rod Serling, the creator and narrator of The Twilight Zone series. Launched on CBS television 60 years ago, it dealt with human morality superimposed over what were almost always surreal or otherwise unusual circumstances. Serling’s narrative at both the beginning and the end of eachRead More


A Jack for Our Trade? 

Jan 22nd, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Who's Who, Personalities in AI

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association According to the Bible’s Book of Genesis 2:2, on the seventh day God rested after having created all the heavens and earth. Jack Bogle was on the eve of his tenth decade on this earth and he must have skipped both that chapter and verse. In fact, Jack was more of a Matthew 21:12 kind of guy. The one who comes into a templeRead More


Do the Capital Markets Reward Low-Carbon Business Models?

Jan 15th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Commodities, The A.I. Industry, Investing in Commodities, Socially responsible investing, Natural Resources and Land, Emerging Alternative Investments, oil, Alternative energy, Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Climate change, Real Assets, SRI and Clean Energy, Other Topics in A.I.

A new study by two scholars, an American and an Italian, presents evidence that financial markets are pricing the risk of reliance upon carbon, penalizing carbon-intensive assets and rewarding low-carbon assets. Irene Monasterolo and Luca de Angelis, respectively of Boston University and the University of Bologna, begin with the ParisRead More


Risks & Rewards: The Future of Finance in Blockchain

Jan 6th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Technology, Operations, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, ETFs, Smart Beta, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

A new article by Dave Dowsett and Heather Wied, both of Invesco, looks at blockchains and the way this new technology, precisely as it divorces itself from its original significance as a feature of the cryptocurrencies, is ready to transform finance. Dowsett and Wied contend that blockchain “offers the possibilityRead More


ETF Arbitrage and Its Consequences

Jan 1st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Retail Investing, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, Alternative Investments in Context, ETFs, Other Topics in A.I.

A new paper by Ilias Filippou and two other scholars looks at ETF arbitrage. This is a trading strategy that plays off of discrepancies between the value of the exchange-traded funds on the one hand and the value of their underlying stocks on the other. ETF arb is not new,Read More


Top 5 Alpha Stories of 2018

Dec 30th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Regulatory Environment, Hedge Funds, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Equity Types of Private Equity, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Issues in Private Investments, Private Investments

Five stories stand out as the dominant stories for and about pursuers of alpha in the year just passed. There is nothing arbitrary about the list below. We admit, though, that the order in which we present them is arbitrary: that is, it is not a ranking, and it isRead More


Leveraging and Enhancing Catastrophe Models

Dec 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Risk management, Operations, Emerging Alternative Investments, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

I write these words soon after reading the news from Sundra Strait, Indonesia. In recent days, the eruption and collapse of a volcano there has set off a tsunami that in turn has devastated the coastal regions of Banten and Lampung, also in Indonesia. Much time may have to passRead More


ISSA Reports on the Crypto-Infrastructure

Dec 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Frontier markets, Other Topics in A.I.

This has been a terrible year for cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin, the flagship for the asset class, peaked in the middle of December 2017 at a value of above $17,000. By the end of January this year, it was below $10,000. By September BTC had settled into a price range of $6,500.Read More


Canadian Mutual Funds Readying to Launch Liquid Alternatives

Nov 18th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Retail Investing, The A.I. Industry, Liquid Alternative Investiments, Alternative Mutual Funds, Liquid Alts, Smart Beta, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry, Other Topics in A.I.

Scotiabank recently released what it calls a “high-level guide for mutual fund companies interested in launching liquid alternative products.” The creation of this guide was stimulated by a reform of the regulations of the Canadian Securities Administrators, aimed at making liquid alternatives more readily available to investors in Canada. OnRead More


THE RISE OF ZOMBIE STOCKS: The Dead versus the Living

Nov 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Other Topics in A.I.

By Nicolas Rabener, CAIA, Factor Research The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) recently published research on the rise of zombie companies, which are firms where operating profits are below interest rate payments. The research highlights that the number of these companies is proportionally increasing and that these are less productiveRead More


Panayiotis Lambropoulos: The View from a Public Pension Manager’s Office

Nov 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, The A.I. Industry, Due Diligence Process, Institutional Investing, Alpha Hunters, Risk management, Asset allocation, Hedge Funds, Asset Allocation Models, Alternative Investments in Context, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

On Nov. 13, the 24th Annual National Pension and Institutional Investment Summit convenes in Dallas Texas. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Panayiotis Lambropoulos, portfolio manager of hedge funds at the Employees Retirement System of Texas, will offer his insights at a panel on emerging hedge fund managers. Lambropoulos’Read More


Rhetoric Done Right

Oct 30th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, The A.I. Industry, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

In the business of money management, influencing others is a skill that rivals investment expertise. If one can’t earn someone’s trust, and money, then one can’t run a true investment management business, no matter how talented a financial player one may be. To gain the support and gather assets ofRead More


10 Climate Change Actions for Pension Fund Managers

Oct 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Consultants, Social investing, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Investing, Socially responsible investing, Climate change, Institutional Asset Management, SRI and Clean Energy, Other Topics in A.I.

The International Centre for Pension Management (ICPM) has put out a paper on climate change and on the difference it makes for investments. The issue of climate change has, in recent years, gone from “being considered a niche issue to one of potentially major financial consequences for all investors,” oneRead More


A Brief History of Asset Allocation

Oct 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, CAPM / Alpha Theory, Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Hedge Fund Strategies, The A.I. Industry, Financial Economics Theory, Risk management, Crowdfunding, Hedge Funds, Emerging Alternative Investments, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Business News, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Glassbridge has put out an ambitious white paper about the “evolution of asset allocation across the investment management industry,” one that begins with the basics of the Capital Asset Pricing Model and ends with quantitative analysis and crowdsourcing. The premise is that new strategies, and new ranges of data, areRead More


Tiptoe Thru’ the Cryptos With Yale

Oct 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Institutional Investing, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, Endowments & Foundations, Institutional Asset Management, Other Topics in A.I.

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Fifty years ago, Tiny Tim, the ukulele-wielding father of falsetto, released his self-aggrandizing album entitled God Bless Tiny Tim. Love it or hate it, those of a certain generation will never forget Track 2 entitled “Tiptoe Thru’ The Tulips With Me.” In the modernRead More


Substance Over Form

Oct 1st, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Alternative Investments in Context, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

By Diane Harrison In the final months of 2018, a mid-term election year here in the U.S., rhetoric is forming and tempers are soaring as candidates try to create narratives that suit their political objectives. It calls to mind the phrase “form over substance,” where what is said often bearsRead More


Cryptocurrency Arbitrage: Two Looks

Sep 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Do investors arbitrage cryptocurrencies? Two recent studies offer a “yes” answer, though they in certain other respects differ significantly in their conclusions. Specifically, one study shows that in one respect arbitrage has done its duty and effectively eliminated the opportunities for arb profits, enforcing efficiency. In other situations, though, theRead More


The View from Las Vegas: Quiet Buying? Aggressive Buying?

Sep 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, Emerging markets, Digital currencies, Commodities, Personalities in AI, Alternative Investments in Context, Commodities: Examples, Gold

On Sept. 24, the 9th Annual Inside Alternatives and Asset Allocation event convenes at Wynn Las Vegas, with CAIA sponsorship. The purpose of the event: to look beyond traditional alternative investments and strategies, to take the measure of a new breed of alternatives, including impact/SRIs, cryptocurrencies, and the application ofRead More


Are ICOs Encoding Their Governance Promises?

Sep 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Scholars affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania recently produced a paper about digital currencies and initial coin offerings, “Coin Operated Capitalism.” The gist of the paper is that the purchase of such tokens may be riskier than investors have thus far been led to expect and may entail more risk thanRead More


Back to the 1980s for future market insights

Sep 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Business News, Economics, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Christina Zhu, of the University of Pennsylvania, in a recent paper, looks at the consequences of Big Data for corporate management. What “Big Data” means depends on who is talking or writing about it. For economists working within the classic microeconomic framework, it means a drastic fall in the cost of acquiring information.Read More


Cryptocurrencies: Alpha and Malta

Aug 30th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Malta was the first jurisdiction within the EU to develop a regulatory system for collective investment schemes that invest in cryptocurrencies. A new paper offering what it calls a “top-down analysis” of hedge funds involved with cryptos details the regulatory framework now in force in Malta, highlighting the set-up andRead More


The Pitch Book: Dead Or Alive?

Aug 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

By Diane Harrison It used to be that if you asked most financial professionals what the single most important piece of sales collateral was, the answer would be the pitch book, of course. In the current era of tweets, email blasts, podcasts, and other media deliverables, has the old-fashioned deckRead More


New SEC Commissioner Dissents on a Bitcoin ETF

Aug 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Regulatory, Crowdfunding, Regulatory Environment, Emerging Alternative Investments, Commodities, Other Topics in A.I.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission recently (on July 26) disapproved of proposed rules changes that would have greenlit listing of the Winklevoss Bitcoin Trust on the Bats BZX Exchange.  In essence, the SEC has now rejected the listing of a Bitcoin exchange-traded product (ETP) on a national exchange. TheRead More


Active Management, the Business Cycle, and the Silk Road

Jul 31st, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Retail Investing, Alpha & Beta, The Global Economy & Currencies, Macroeconomics, Allocating to A.I., Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

LPL Financial’s 2018 Forum Conference for investors took place in Boston this week, Sunday through Tuesday. This is an annual event that brings together thousands of advisors and program managers to discuss industry issues and new products. LPL is an independent broker-dealer headquartered in Boston, with offices in Fort Mill,Read More


Centralized Exchanges and Cryptocurrencies

Jul 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Investing in Commodities, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Commodities, Finance & Economics

Cryptocurrencies are increasingly traded on centralized exchanges, such as Gemini and Coinbase. This fact itself has generated some resentment in the crypto world, because the very idea of  centralized exchange seems to violate the original anarchic animating spirit of the cryptocurrencies, even of “Satoshi” himself. Vitalik Buterin, who as the creatorRead More


Travails from the Crypt

Jul 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Digital currencies

Cryptography is the practice and study of hiding information. While that does not necessarily define cryptoassets, it does begin to underscore the challenges that need to be overcome before we can see wide institutional adoption. The issues around valuation, liquidity, regulation, and even speculation have grabbed many of the recent headlines, but it might be the more boring world of custody and safekeepingRead More


BarclayHedge Numbers Show Cryptocurrency Dive

Jul 19th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, CTA, The A.I. Industry, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Other Topics in A.I.

BarclayHedge says that its flash estimate for the Barclay CTA Index shows a 0.05% loss in June, and a 2% loss year to date. More remarkably, the flash estimate shows a 16.23% drop in June and a 45.43% drop YTD for the CryptoCurrency Traders Index. The founder and president ofRead More


Believe Your Eyes!

Jul 18th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry, Other Topics in A.I.

By Diane Harrison It’s simple human nature to believe more of what you see than what you hear. The human brain is wired to process visual information more easily than contextual words. According to a June 15 Washington Post article, “Charts Change Hearts And Minds Better Than Words Do,” chartsRead More


Chain Blockers

Jul 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The base case for distributed ledger technology (or DLT, and often used interchangeably with blockchain) is to create a trusted network of participants where there is just one ledger of account records shared by all and there is no central recordkeeper. Transactions are digitalRead More


Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More


The Crypto ‘Bubble’ as Seen From Boston College

Jul 5th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Two scholars affiliated with Boston College, Carroll School of Management, have published a study of initial coin offerings (ICOs), that has given a mixed verdict on the common contention that cryptocurrencies in general and ICOs in particular constitute a “bubble” akin to, say, 17th century tulips or the mortgage derivativesRead More


The Efficiency of the Markets in Crypto-Currencies

Jun 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics

Three scholars affiliated with Johns Hopkins have evaluated cryptocurrency investing, in a new paper available at SSRN, and have concluded that “near-term cryptocurrency markets are semi-strong form efficient.” That bit of finance theorist jargon means that all publicly available information gets discounted quickly into an asset’s price, so that neitherRead More


A Talk on the What and Whys of Cryptocurrencies

Jun 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

The Battle of the Quants came to New York City on Wednesday, June 20, and the CAIA Association was one of its media sponsors. Much of the event involved cryptocurrencies, including an exchange between John D’Agostino (the global head of investor engagement at DMS Governance) and Nouriel Roubini, Chairman ofRead More


Hedge Fund Hegemony And How To Handle It

Jun 18th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Hedge Funds, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

By Diane Harrison Hegemony, holding a slightly sinister meaning in most contexts, defines an asymmetrical power relationship, in which there is social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by one group over others. Where better to see hegemony in practice than in the world of hedge funds, when the behemothRead More


Africa Still Rising (but Patience May Be Required)

Jun 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Private Equity, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, High-net-worth investors, Emerging markets, Private Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

The Emerging Markets Private Equity Association, in a new report, suggests that the “Africa Rising” narrative of a few years ago is behind us. Africa is seen still as having enormous potential. But the report also says, “the commodity downturn of the last several years has had a severe impactRead More


Manager Selection Through A ‘Welkian’ Lens

Jun 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

One of the most successful variety shows on television was the Lawrence Welk Show. Debuting in 1955, the show ran for 28 straight years, compiling 1065 episodes, then was picked up in syndication and continues running today on PBS. Combining musical skits and featured guest performers, the show established itselfRead More


Crumbling infrastructure offers mid-market investment opportunities

Jun 3rd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Infrastructure, Socially responsible investing, Operationally Intensive Real Assets, Real Assets, SRI and Clean Energy

Deteriorating infrastructure and potential for investment is the topic of a new white paper by Fiera Capital, a Canadian investment management firm. Infrastructure is generally understood to involve physical assets that provide a public service, including those most vital to economic development. The category includes water and waste-water systems, highwaysRead More


Closing the Gender Gap in Alternative Investments

May 29th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Industry Size & Managers, Asset Managers, Other Topics in A.I.

The Emerging Market Private Equity Association (EMPEA) has announced its first initiative aimed at closing the gender gap, which it calls its Gender Parity Acceleration Working Group. EMPEA has 300 member firms, including both general partners and limited parties, who are invested in more than 130 countries around the globeRead More


Private Debt and Impact Investors

May 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Social investing, Other Issues in Private Investments, Private Investments, SRI and Clean Energy, Other Topics in A.I.

A new study by the Symbiotics and GIIN research teams looks at private debt impact funds (PDIFs); that is, “independent investment vehicles that allocate on average more than 85% of their portfolios to private debt” and that look to the environmental and/or social impact their allocations will have.   The goalRead More


A Microfinance Fund for Central Java, Indonesia

May 13th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Microfinance, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Blossom Finance, an investment consultancy that describes its business model as “commercial financing with social benefits,” announced recently open enrollment for an Islamic microfinance fund designed to bolster micro-businesses and traditional market sellers in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. This will be a crypto-currency infused fund: participants can investRead More


Distressed Digital Exchanges as Buyout Targets

May 10th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Emerging Alternative Investments, Digital currencies, Other Topics in A.I.

Tanzeel Akhtar has written a story for BraveNewCoin in which she discusses the availability of distressed digital exchanges as a means by which large companies can cheaply gain their own toeholds in the cryptocurrency world. Surely, risk arbs in the world of alternative investment will find this paper a valuableRead More


Crowdfunding in the Absence of Liquidity Constraints

May 8th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Crowdfunding, Emerging Alternative Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

A forthcoming issue of the Journal of the European Economic Association will carry a study arguing that crowdfunding in the absence of liquidity constraints is a superior method of equity financing–superior to “traditional financing forms,” that is, unless those traditional financiers are fully competitive and perfectly informed.  By one estimate,Read More


AIMA’s Vision Statement from Hedge Fund Industry Leaders

Apr 22nd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Liquid Alternative Investiments, Hedge Funds, Alternative Investments in Context, Other Topics in A.I.

Some of the leading figures in the alt investment industry have put their dignified heads together and created a vision statement, called “Perspectives: Industry Leaders on the Future of the Hedge Fund Industry.” The gist of the paper is that firms in the industry are quickly adapting to contemporary conditionsRead More


DON’T FEAR THE ROBO!

Apr 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Retail Investing

By Diane Harrison Technology advances have infiltrated every corner of finance, including the world of wealth management. While few can argue with the positives of automated, algorithm-based portfolio management platforms, the advent of the cost-efficient, dispassionate robo-advisor has struck fear into the heart of many a financial advisor and fundRead More


Bitcoin Futures ETFs: SEC Requests Comment

Apr 8th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Currencies, Financial Economics Theory, Emerging Alternative Investments, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

In December last year the NYSE Arca Inc. filed a proposed rule change that would allow for the creation of Exchange Traded Funds investing in Bitcoin futures contracts, and, potentially, in other related Financial Instruments. In January 2018 the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission extended its review of this proposal.Read More


THE ART OF IMPROVING INVESTOR RELATIONS

Mar 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Investor Relations, Sales & Marketing in the AI Industry

By Diane Harrison Merriam-Webster defines a debate as ‘a regulated discussion of a proposition between two matched sides.’ A good debate is not an argument. Rather, it is a thoughtful process of insightful positioning that allows two sides of a concept to be explored on their merits. Sound a bitRead More