Browsing: Risk Management & Operations

Risk Management & Operations

Panayiotis Lambropoulos: The View from a Public Pension Manager’s Office

Nov 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha Hunters, Alternative Investments in Context, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Due Diligence Process, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

On Nov. 13, the 24th Annual National Pension and Institutional Investment Summit convenes in Dallas Texas. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Panayiotis Lambropoulos, portfolio manager of hedge funds at the Employees Retirement System of Texas, will offer his insights at a panel on emerging hedge fund managers. Lambropoulos’Read More


Avoiding Over-Allocation to Alternative Investments

Nov 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

A new white paper from New York Life looks at the role of alternatives in portfolio construction and argues that usual risk-return based approaches can underestimate risk and lead to over-allocation to the alternatives. The paper, by Amit Soni, an NYL portfolio manager, proposes a new method “to quantify performanceRead More


Quantifying High Performance Dispersion Risk in Alternatives

Oct 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha & Beta, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

By Amit Soni, Portfolio Manager, Strategic Asset Allocation, New York Life Investments Lofty valuations in traditional assets have encouraged investors to explore alternatives. Unfortunately, the lack of a holistic investment framework to incorporate alternatives poses a challenge. Traditional risk-return based approaches, alone, over-allocate to alternatives–a result of underestimation of risksRead More


A Brief History of Asset Allocation

Oct 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Business News, CAPM / Alpha Theory, Crowdfunding, Emerging Alternative Investments, Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

Glassbridge has put out an ambitious white paper about the “evolution of asset allocation across the investment management industry,” one that begins with the basics of the Capital Asset Pricing Model and ends with quantitative analysis and crowdsourcing. The premise is that new strategies, and new ranges of data, areRead More


Self-Organizing Maps for Selecting Hedge Funds

Oct 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

A new paper by Claus Huber, of Rodex Risk Advisers, looks at machine learning for risk analysis, working especially from the “self-organizing maps” associated with Finnish Professor Teuvo Kohonen. A SOM is a low-dimensional representation of input space (thinking of it as two dimensional makes the “map” analogy intuitive, andRead More


Goldman Sachs Equity Hedge Fund Report Deep Dives 13Fs

Oct 7th, 2018 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Equity Hedge Funds, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, The A.I. Industry

Working from a database drawn from 13F filings, authors of a new report from Goldman Sachs Asset Management maintain: (1) hedge funds tend to overweight equities in three markets: information technology, consumer discretionary, healthcare; (2) quarter-on-quarter turnover for equity hedge funds’ portfolios is limited; and (3) a long-only sample portfolioRead More


Cracking the Illiquidity Code

Sep 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Equity Types of Private Equity, Newly Added, Other Issues in Private Investments, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

By Tom Keck, Partner & Head of Research; Lisa Larsson, Vice President, Research Researchers at StepStone Group, a global private markets firm, recently released a white paper that puts the illiquidity of private equity into perspective. A fund’s life they reckon is too coarse a measure; the picture comes into focusRead More


D’oh!

Sep 17th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Regulatory Environment, Risk Management & Operations, What about beta?

Much has been written this week about the fall of the house of Lehman. Too big to fail became “someone has to” and the rest is history. The demise of Lehman has been one of the many sign posts that defined the GFC and now, ten years on, traditional and socialRead More


The Connection between Audit Fees and Derivative Hedging

Sep 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, oil, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

It is generally acknowledged that there exists a positive association between business risk and audit fees. There is room for dispute as to what that means. On the one hand, the riskier clients for whom an audit firm works might simply be the ones that have the most complicated books,Read More


Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Credit Derivatives, Derivatives, Economics, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More


Kurtosis Diagnosis: Don’t get Skewed!

Aug 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The quote “what gets measured gets managed” is oft-times attributed to the author and consultant Peter Drucker. The origin is less significant than its modern-day meaning and, while it is most often used in the context of business management, it ports quite well into the management ofRead More


Volatility Arbitrage and Cross-Border Options

Jul 29th, 2018 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Investing in Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new paper, by Adriano Tosi, of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, looks at the mispricing of a cross-section of international option returns, which suggests that there is money to be made (in more decorous language a “positive risk premium” may be “commanded,”) by selling exchange-traded products and buying theRead More


Using the Variance Risk Premium to Predict Futures Markets

Jul 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Gold, Hard metals, Newly Added, oil, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

A new study of volatility in commodity prices indicates that both the total and the decomposed variance risk premiums of at least certain commodities markets contain information with predictive power. The variance risk premium is the pay-off of the synthetic variance swap contract. Specifically, it’s the difference between the floatingRead More


Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Technology

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More


Ben Graham Conference at Fordham: Value Very Much Alive

Jul 2nd, 2018 | Filed under: Alternative Investments in Context, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, The A.I. Industry

The fifth Ben Graham Annual Conference, the marquee event of the CFA Society New York, took place as scheduled on June 27, at Fordham University, Lincoln Center. As its name suggests, this conference is intended to promote, and to share ideas about the application of, the investment principles of BenjaminRead More


Blockchains: Hyped but Here to Stay

Jun 17th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations

In a recent white paper, a trend analyst and a portfolio manager at Robeco put their heads together to look at the value of blockchains, or more formally of “distributed ledger technology,” in the financial world. Jeroen van Oerle (the analyst) and Patrick Iemmens (the manager) contend that there isRead More


The Irrelevance of Dodd-Frank & Memories of the Crisis

May 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Credit Derivatives, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structured Credit Products, Structured Products

There has been some political excitement of late concerning the repeal of part of the Dodd-Frank statute, which was the great post-crisis reform bill that sought to remake the financial regulatory system in the United States. On Thursday, May 24, President Trump signed a bill that exempts dozens of banksRead More


Greenwich Associates on Exchange-Listed Options

May 22nd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Greenwich Associates has produced research, commissioned by the Options Industry Council, about the way institutional investors understand exchange listed options. Greenwich concludes that underperforming institutions, including pension plans and endowments, “should be considering investments in options strategies as a means to improve risk-adjusted returns.” Institutions not currently doing so mayRead More


KPMG on Real Estate Funds

May 17th, 2018 | Filed under: Liquid and Fixed Income Real Estate, Newly Added, Real Assets, Real Estate, Real Estate Equity Investments, Risk Management & Operations

The outsourcing of fund administration tasks in real estate is not a new idea. But, as KPMG says in a new paper, the marketplace has been slow to take the administrators up on their offerings.  So it may still be the wave of the future even though it has aRead More


Options-based Strategies and their Pay-offs

Apr 10th, 2018 | Filed under: Behavioral finance, Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Roberto Obregon, of the Meketa Investment Group, has written a paper (available at SSRN) on the use of options-based equity strategies. Obregon is the author of a number of scholarly papers on alternative strategies, including one last fall on global macro, which he co-authored with Willam Dana. In his optionsRead More


Why Treasury Professionals are Building Cash Reserves

Mar 25th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

The Association of Finance Professionals recently disclosed, via its Corporate Cash Indicators, that U.S. corporations accumulated more cash in the third quarter of 2017 than had been anticipated. This is consistent with other indications: corporations are concerned about the risks of the present environment and are working to ensure theyRead More


Reducing Dependence on (L)IBOR

Mar 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The Global Economy & Currencies

A creation of the mid-1980s, the London Interbank Offered rate (LIBOR) became immensely influential over the three decades that followed. It became a reference rate for both finance and commerce for the rate of nearly risk-free interest, and in the process it spawned other IBORs, including EURIBOR and Japan’s TIBOR.Read More


Whence Corporate Social Responsibility?

Mar 4th, 2018 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Socially responsible investing, SRI and Clean Energy

A new scholarly paper, forthcoming in the Journal of Financial Economics, delves into the question whether institutional investors are the driving force behind corporate social economy. I.J. Alexander Dyck and three other scholars looked specifically at the environmental and social performance of firms across 41 countries. They found that ownershipRead More


News from AIMA: Performance and UK Regs

Feb 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

New research by the Alternative Investment Management Association (AIMA), in collaboration with Preqin, indicates that hedge funds have produced “more consistent and steadier returns than equities or bonds over both the short term and the long term.” The study employed four scales of time: one year, three, five, and 10Read More


A Rhetorical Oracle?

Feb 26th, 2018 | Filed under: Fees, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Newly Added, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Warren Buffett cashed out his bet and the final numbers are in courtesy of the Oracle’s annual shareholder letter. Unfortunately, the most important investment lessons have been completely lost, as the media and the investment sage have mostly used this as an opportunity toRead More


The Unrecognized Risks of Short Vol Strategies

Feb 25th, 2018 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Vineer Bhansali and Lawrence Harris have written a scholarly paper on what they call the “extraordinary growth of short volatility strategies” since late 2010. A lot of people and institutions seem to have come to the conclusion that spiking volatility is just that. A “spike” on a chart is definitionallyRead More


Urgent vs. Important: Barriers to Digitization in Alternative Investing

Feb 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha & Beta, Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations

KPMG International and CREATE-Research have jointly prepared a report about the digitization imperative for alternative investment management. The report includes within that term both hedge funds and private equity. Early on, its authors list eight key digital innovations that are reconstructing the industry: Application programming interfaces; cognitive technology and machineRead More


PwC Charge: Asset Managers are Digital Tech ‘Laggards’

Nov 30th, 2017 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Industry Size & Managers, Newly Added, Technology, The A.I. Industry

A new paper from PricewaterhouseCoopers on the coming transformations in the asset and wealth management industries says that firms in this market must adapt or die. And the adaptation the authors have in mind isn’t just the usual Darwinian metaphor – managers must “become business revolutionaries, even disruptors” in orderRead More


Due Diligence Requires Deep Dives into Data

Nov 7th, 2017 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Metrics and Measurement

The data and analysis provider eVestment has issued a new white paper on “enhancing private equity manager selection with deeper data.” PE funds below the top quartile have not materially outperformed the public markets as a matter of history. So for an institutional investor, earning alpha is in large measureRead More


Lazard Research on Smart Beta

Nov 5th, 2017 | Filed under: Behavioral finance, Due Diligence Process, Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Smart Beta

Jason Williams, senior vice president at Lazard Asset Management, has written a white paper on the “six sins of smart beta.” First: what is smart beta? Academic studies indicate anomalies in the markets that somehow don’t get arbitraged away.  These become identified as “factors” and indexes can be designed soRead More


Federal Reserve on Counterparties to the next Lehman Brothers

Nov 2nd, 2017 | Filed under: Business News, Insolvency, Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations, Service Providers

The Federal Reserve has issued a final rule relating to the qualified financial contracts (QFCs) of global systemically important U.S. banking institutions (GSIBs). Derivatives & Repo Report, a blog maintained by the international law firm Perkins Coie, has done a thorough write-up on the subject, to which the material belowRead More


DTCC: How to Think About Fintech

Oct 24th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations

The Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation (DTCC), a provider of clearance, settlement, and a wide range of other services to the financial markets, has issued a new white paper on technological innovations and the disruptions fintech may generate. The report begins with a quotation from a speech given by LaelRead More


AIMA’s New Due Diligence Template

Oct 22nd, 2017 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Operations, Partner accounting, Risk Management & Operations, Service Providers, Technology

It has been 20 years since the Alternative Investment Management Association published its first due diligence questionnaire, a template designed to standardize the diligence process by which investors decide if a particular management is right for them. Now it has published a new questionnaire/template, covering a broader range of entities/strategies.Read More


EIU on Institutions and Time Horizons

Oct 19th, 2017 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

With the  sponsorship of Franklin Templeton, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)  has surveyed  143 investing institutions in North America (part of the global sample of 571) in order to study recent shifts in their portfolio allocation, especially with an eye to the risks that concern them and the length ofRead More


Barnes on Swaps Transparency under  MiFID II

Sep 19th, 2017 | Filed under: Commodities, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations, Structured Products

A recent blog in the TABB Forum, by Chris Barnes of Clarus Financial Technology, looks at recent developments in the realm of MiFID, and looks forward. The UK’s Financial Conduct Authority in August of this year authorized certain Approved Publication Arrangements (APAs) for reporting under MiFID II.  The authorization ofRead More


Below the Black: A Review of Risk Reduction Strategies

Sep 13th, 2017 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Investing in Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA Membership while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More


High-Frequency Trading and Spoofing   

Aug 31st, 2017 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Business News, Commodities, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations

Six years ago Michael Coscia placed orders through the CME Group’s Globex platform via a trading algorithm that amounted to “spoofing.” He placed both large and small orders in the copper market, for example, with the large orders (cancelled within milliseconds) designed to create the illusion of market movement inRead More


Transparency in Alternative Investing

Aug 24th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

In February of this year, the Economist Intelligence Unit surveyed 200 senior asset managers and institutional investor executives to learn what factors are most important in the way they make their decisions. Several different types of institution were involved, including hedge funds, private equity firms, insurance companies, and nonprofits. Also,Read More


Risk Parity: Is it a Strategy for a Sprint or a Marathon?

Aug 20th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA membership, while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More


Til and Heckinger on Commodity Debacles, Part II

Aug 6th, 2017 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Personalities in AI, Risk Management & Operations

A new paper available at SSRN looks at two infamous commodity industry melt-downs: Amaranth and MF Global. It offers a diagnosis of each. The paper is co-authored by Hilary Till, of EDHEC – Risk, and Richard Heckinger, of the Working Group on Financial Markets, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. InRead More


New Numbers on Catastrophe Bond Insurance

Jun 27th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Structured Products

A new report from an Alternative Risk Transfer research service, Artemis, looks at the catastrophe bond and insurance-linked securities market in the (recor- breaking) first quarter of 2017. Bond and ILS issuance reached the unprecedented level of $2.76 billion this Q1. That involved 25 tranches of notes from 14 deals,Read More


How Do They Get Those Non-Correlated Returns?

May 30th, 2017 | Filed under: Commodities, Due Diligence Process, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations

In a recent paper Mark Shore, of Shore Capital Management, has discussed overlaying of strategies in managed futures, saying that it is something he covers in his course on managed futures at DePaul, but that in general it “is not discussed as much as it should be.” Behind that question,Read More


Hedge Funds and Sell-Side Analysts: Who is Tipping Off Whom?

May 7th, 2017 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Nathan Swem, an economist with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, has written a paper on an always fascinating subject: the flow of information in financial markets. The point, in successful equity trading for example, isn’t merely “who you know?” Nor is it “what you know.” It’sRead More


Risk Management Isn’t Just Fund Selection

Apr 27th, 2017 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations

New Strategies for Risk Management in Private Equity, a new book from Private Equity International, is an anthology of papers on the titular subject. It is edited by Dr. Ivan Herger to offer investors in PE new perspectives on the field. Herger, a managing director at Capital Dynamics, has aRead More


The State of the OTC Index Dividend Swap Market

Feb 9th, 2017 | Filed under: Derivatives, Equity-linked Structured Products, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Structured Products

In a new article in the Journal of Alternative Investments, Scott Mixon and Esen Onur quantify the over the counter index dividend swap market. Along the way, they provide a good example of the scientific method: positing a relationship, testing it against the data, and then abandoning it when theRead More


The Federal Reserve on Distributed Ledger Technology (that is, on Blockchains)

Jan 5th, 2017 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations, The Global Economy & Currencies

A large team of officers and staff affiliated with the Federal Reserve (eight with the Board in DC, five with the FR Bank of New York, one with the FRB of Chicago) have collaborated on a new paper on distributed ledger technology in payments, clearing, and settlement. Of necessity, givenRead More


Ammar on the Implied Volatility Smile

Dec 22nd, 2016 | Filed under: Emerging Alternative Investments, Newly Added, Other Issues in Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

In a new working paper, a scholar at the School of Finance, at the University of St Gallen, Switzerland,   Semir Ben Ammar, has analyzed the relationship between catastrophe risk and the “implied volatility smile” in stock options.  Along the way, he has proposed what may be a novel type ofRead More


Commissioner Piwower and Alpha Seekers

Nov 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Commodities, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Operations, Risk Management & Operations

With a new administration in the making, thoughts in the world of asset management naturally turn to the issue of appointments to the Securities Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Who is likely to get what position and what difference might it make? Recent practice has been thatRead More


Academics:  No, Navinder Sarao Did Not Cause the Flash Crash 

Oct 25th, 2016 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Business News, Finance & Economics, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Operations, Personalities in AI, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Technology

Mid-October news reports tell us that Navinder Sarao has lost his effort to avoid extradition from Britain to the United States. So he will face charges in the U.S. in connection with the “flash crash” of May 2010, the incident in which the DJIA fell 998.5 points in less thanRead More


Why are Bank Stress Tests like Student/Instructor Evaluations?

Aug 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Two scholars affiliated with Columbia University have contributed to the ongoing discussion of Federal Reserve stress tests and their consequences in an article in the Journal of Alternative Investments. Stress tests have become a big part of the U.S. regulatory scene since 2009, with the creation that year of theRead More