Browsing: Risk Management Strategies & Processes

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Risk Management Strategies & Processes

EY Reports on Alternative Investments and Artificial Intelligence

Nov 13th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk management, The A.I. Industry

The twelfth annual report of what used to be known as the EY Global Hedge Fund Survey has been re-christened the EY Global Alternative Fund Survey. As it has under the earlier name, EY again records the views of fund managers and investors around the globe on a wide rangeRead More


Panayiotis Lambropoulos: The View from a Public Pension Manager’s Office

Nov 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha Hunters, Alternative Investments in Context, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Due Diligence Process, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

On Nov. 13, the 24th Annual National Pension and Institutional Investment Summit convenes in Dallas Texas. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Panayiotis Lambropoulos, portfolio manager of hedge funds at the Employees Retirement System of Texas, will offer his insights at a panel on emerging hedge fund managers. Lambropoulos’Read More


Avoiding Over-Allocation to Alternative Investments

Nov 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

A new white paper from New York Life looks at the role of alternatives in portfolio construction and argues that usual risk-return based approaches can underestimate risk and lead to over-allocation to the alternatives. The paper, by Amit Soni, an NYL portfolio manager, proposes a new method “to quantify performanceRead More


Quantifying High Performance Dispersion Risk in Alternatives

Oct 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha & Beta, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

By Amit Soni, Portfolio Manager, Strategic Asset Allocation, New York Life Investments Lofty valuations in traditional assets have encouraged investors to explore alternatives. Unfortunately, the lack of a holistic investment framework to incorporate alternatives poses a challenge. Traditional risk-return based approaches, alone, over-allocate to alternatives–a result of underestimation of risksRead More


A Brief History of Asset Allocation

Oct 16th, 2018 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Business News, CAPM / Alpha Theory, Crowdfunding, Emerging Alternative Investments, Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry

Glassbridge has put out an ambitious white paper about the “evolution of asset allocation across the investment management industry,” one that begins with the basics of the Capital Asset Pricing Model and ends with quantitative analysis and crowdsourcing. The premise is that new strategies, and new ranges of data, areRead More


Self-Organizing Maps for Selecting Hedge Funds

Oct 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

A new paper by Claus Huber, of Rodex Risk Advisers, looks at machine learning for risk analysis, working especially from the “self-organizing maps” associated with Finnish Professor Teuvo Kohonen. A SOM is a low-dimensional representation of input space (thinking of it as two dimensional makes the “map” analogy intuitive, andRead More


Goldman Sachs Equity Hedge Fund Report Deep Dives 13Fs

Oct 7th, 2018 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Equity Hedge Funds, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, The A.I. Industry

Working from a database drawn from 13F filings, authors of a new report from Goldman Sachs Asset Management maintain: (1) hedge funds tend to overweight equities in three markets: information technology, consumer discretionary, healthcare; (2) quarter-on-quarter turnover for equity hedge funds’ portfolios is limited; and (3) a long-only sample portfolioRead More


The Connection between Audit Fees and Derivative Hedging

Sep 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, oil, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

It is generally acknowledged that there exists a positive association between business risk and audit fees. There is room for dispute as to what that means. On the one hand, the riskier clients for whom an audit firm works might simply be the ones that have the most complicated books,Read More


Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Credit Derivatives, Derivatives, Economics, Hedge Funds, Institutional Asset Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry, The Global Economy & Currencies

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More


Kurtosis Diagnosis: Don’t get Skewed!

Aug 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The quote “what gets measured gets managed” is oft-times attributed to the author and consultant Peter Drucker. The origin is less significant than its modern-day meaning and, while it is most often used in the context of business management, it ports quite well into the management ofRead More


Volatility Arbitrage and Cross-Border Options

Jul 29th, 2018 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Investing in Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new paper, by Adriano Tosi, of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, looks at the mispricing of a cross-section of international option returns, which suggests that there is money to be made (in more decorous language a “positive risk premium” may be “commanded,”) by selling exchange-traded products and buying theRead More


Using the Variance Risk Premium to Predict Futures Markets

Jul 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Gold, Hard metals, Newly Added, oil, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

A new study of volatility in commodity prices indicates that both the total and the decomposed variance risk premiums of at least certain commodities markets contain information with predictive power. The variance risk premium is the pay-off of the synthetic variance swap contract. Specifically, it’s the difference between the floatingRead More


Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Technology

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More


The Irrelevance of Dodd-Frank & Memories of the Crisis

May 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Credit Derivatives, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structured Credit Products, Structured Products

There has been some political excitement of late concerning the repeal of part of the Dodd-Frank statute, which was the great post-crisis reform bill that sought to remake the financial regulatory system in the United States. On Thursday, May 24, President Trump signed a bill that exempts dozens of banksRead More


Greenwich Associates on Exchange-Listed Options

May 22nd, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Greenwich Associates has produced research, commissioned by the Options Industry Council, about the way institutional investors understand exchange listed options. Greenwich concludes that underperforming institutions, including pension plans and endowments, “should be considering investments in options strategies as a means to improve risk-adjusted returns.” Institutions not currently doing so mayRead More


Why Treasury Professionals are Building Cash Reserves

Mar 25th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

The Association of Finance Professionals recently disclosed, via its Corporate Cash Indicators, that U.S. corporations accumulated more cash in the third quarter of 2017 than had been anticipated. This is consistent with other indications: corporations are concerned about the risks of the present environment and are working to ensure theyRead More


News from AIMA: Performance and UK Regs

Feb 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

New research by the Alternative Investment Management Association (AIMA), in collaboration with Preqin, indicates that hedge funds have produced “more consistent and steadier returns than equities or bonds over both the short term and the long term.” The study employed four scales of time: one year, three, five, and 10Read More


EIU on Institutions and Time Horizons

Oct 19th, 2017 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Institutional Asset Management, Institutional Investing, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

With the  sponsorship of Franklin Templeton, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)  has surveyed  143 investing institutions in North America (part of the global sample of 571) in order to study recent shifts in their portfolio allocation, especially with an eye to the risks that concern them and the length ofRead More


Below the Black: A Review of Risk Reduction Strategies

Sep 13th, 2017 | Filed under: Commodities, Commodities, Hedge Fund Strategies, Hedge Funds, Investing in Commodities, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Metrics and Measurement

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA Membership while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More


Transparency in Alternative Investing

Aug 24th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

In February of this year, the Economist Intelligence Unit surveyed 200 senior asset managers and institutional investor executives to learn what factors are most important in the way they make their decisions. Several different types of institution were involved, including hedge funds, private equity firms, insurance companies, and nonprofits. Also,Read More


Risk Parity: Is it a Strategy for a Sprint or a Marathon?

Aug 20th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 1, Issue 4 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA membership, while archived issues are available to the public in the Perspectives section atRead More


New Numbers on Catastrophe Bond Insurance

Jun 27th, 2017 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Structured Products

A new report from an Alternative Risk Transfer research service, Artemis, looks at the catastrophe bond and insurance-linked securities market in the (recor- breaking) first quarter of 2017. Bond and ILS issuance reached the unprecedented level of $2.76 billion this Q1. That involved 25 tranches of notes from 14 deals,Read More


Hedge Funds and Sell-Side Analysts: Who is Tipping Off Whom?

May 7th, 2017 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Nathan Swem, an economist with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, has written a paper on an always fascinating subject: the flow of information in financial markets. The point, in successful equity trading for example, isn’t merely “who you know?” Nor is it “what you know.” It’sRead More


Ammar on the Implied Volatility Smile

Dec 22nd, 2016 | Filed under: Emerging Alternative Investments, Newly Added, Other Issues in Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

In a new working paper, a scholar at the School of Finance, at the University of St Gallen, Switzerland,   Semir Ben Ammar, has analyzed the relationship between catastrophe risk and the “implied volatility smile” in stock options.  Along the way, he has proposed what may be a novel type ofRead More


Academics:  No, Navinder Sarao Did Not Cause the Flash Crash 

Oct 25th, 2016 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Business News, Finance & Economics, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Operations, Personalities in AI, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Technology

Mid-October news reports tell us that Navinder Sarao has lost his effort to avoid extradition from Britain to the United States. So he will face charges in the U.S. in connection with the “flash crash” of May 2010, the incident in which the DJIA fell 998.5 points in less thanRead More


Why are Bank Stress Tests like Student/Instructor Evaluations?

Aug 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Two scholars affiliated with Columbia University have contributed to the ongoing discussion of Federal Reserve stress tests and their consequences in an article in the Journal of Alternative Investments. Stress tests have become a big part of the U.S. regulatory scene since 2009, with the creation that year of theRead More


How Risk Management Resembles Meteorology: A White Paper

Jun 12th, 2016 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new white paper from Campbell & Co. discusses the negative skew that is often a characteristic of portfolio returns, and the ways in which trend following can achieve positive skew instead. The paper is effectively advertised by its title, “Taming of the Skew.” The authors begin with distinctions amongRead More


Best Practices for Private Equity Sponsors in an Age of Increasing Scrutiny

May 23rd, 2016 | Filed under: Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Newly Added, Other Issues in Private Investments, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Private Equity, Private Investments, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By John Czapla, Parag Patel and Shane Newell, Valuation Research Corporation As the demand for transparency rises for private equity and hedge funds, the spotlight is increasingly focusing on valuation practices. There are an important number of reasons why the valuation process has become important, and they are essential forRead More


Credit Derivatives in China: A 2014 Presentation Recalled

May 19th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

The People’s Bank of China launched two seemingly important products in 2010: the Credit Risk Mitigation Agreement and the Credit Risk Mitigation Warrant. I refer to them as “seemingly” important because they addressed a large issue in a vast economy, and did so in what seemed to many a commendablyRead More


Risk Management & the Trouble with Capacity-Driven Decisions

Apr 28th, 2016 | Filed under: Commodities, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A recent CAIA member contribution by Kathryn Kaminski, director of investment strategies at Campbell & Co., discusses the quantification of CTA risk management.  It is worth a look, not least because it amounts to a warning about how underperformance can result for the re-jiggering of allocation for capacity constraints. KaminskiRead More


Data Exploitation for Asset Managers: A Survey and White Paper

Apr 12th, 2016 | Filed under: Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

A new survey sponsored by Northern Trust suggests that asset managers need to capture more value from available data, and that in order to do so they need both a more flexible strategy and stronger leadership than many now have. The surveyors talked to more than 200 executives in insuranceRead More


Andrew Lo: Progress is the Platform for Ever-Changing Risk

Feb 28th, 2016 | Filed under: Newly Added, Partner accounting, Risk management, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Andrew Lo, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, recently wrote a stimulating discussion of two seemingly contrary “laws”: Moore’s and Murphy’s. Read More


AIMA’s Guide to the Bamboo Bridge of Operations

Feb 15th, 2016 | Filed under: Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Operations, Regulatory Environment, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, The A.I. Industry

How sturdy can a bamboo bridge be? The front page of a new Guide from The Alternative Investment Management Association consists of a photo of a bamboo bridge, apparently on a beach, as seen from below. That is, this is the view of someone on whom the bridge would fall,Read More


Arbitrage Pricing Theory and Large Pricing Errors

Dec 13th, 2015 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Alpha & Beta, CAPM / Alpha Theory, Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Portable Alpha & Alpha/Beta Separation, Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Uppal and Zaffaroni use Arbitrage Pricing Theory as a meta-model: a model that can be employed to check the errors in the specification of first-order models that in turn are used to value assets.Read More


For Practitioners of Risk Parity: Don’t Panic

Dec 6th, 2015 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new paper by Cliff Asness puts the recent relative weakness of Risk Parity Portfolio performance into a broader context. The cumulative excess return from what he calls "simple risk parity" continues to rise steadily though undramatically. Read More


India: The Way Up and the Way Down Are Not the Same

Nov 26th, 2015 | Filed under: Finance & Economics, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Other Topics in A.I., Risk Management & Operations, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, SRI and Clean Energy, The Global Economy & Currencies

Faille doesn't mean to argue theology, but he has to observe that a Shariah-based understanding of what constitutes “ethical investing” entails a lot of premises, and if those premises are to be inserted into reasoning about financial economics, they have to bear up to empirical, secular scrutiny. Read More


For Practitioners of Risk Parity: Don’t Panic

Oct 6th, 2015 | Filed under: Allocating to A.I., Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

A new paper by Cliff Asness puts the recent relative weakness of Risk Parity Portfolio performance into a broader context. The cumulative excess return from what he calls "simple risk parity" continues to rise steadily though undramatically. Read More


Foundations: They’ve Taken a Blow from “Subdued” Markets

Sep 2nd, 2015 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Indexes, Institutional Investing, Liquid Alts, Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Risk management

Both private and community foundations depend heavily on U.S. equities. Indeed, domestic equities remained the bright spot while other strategies underperformed in 2014. A new report from a collaboration of the Council on Foundations and Commonfund provides food for thought about the reversal in foundation returns in that year. TheRead More


An Overview of Real Asset Investing

Aug 26th, 2015 | Filed under: Infrastructure, Intellectual Property, Private Equity, Real Estate, Risk management

Guest columnist Andrew Smith, CAIA, provides an overview of real assets and their commensurate risks and rewards.Read More


Study Says The Gold Bugs are Right

Aug 23rd, 2015 | Filed under: Currencies, Forex, Gold, Hard metals, Risk management

Gold seems, to a larger extent than silver, and even more so to an extent larger than is true for palladium or platinum, to work as a true financial asset: decoupled from price developments in the commodity markets. It succeeds as a hedge against currency and stock-market trouble.Read More


Weintraub of GFT: Basel III Coming Into Force by Increments

Aug 20th, 2015 | Filed under: Asset allocation, Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Regulatory, Risk management

Faille spoke recently to Herman Weintraub, executive director and head of alternative investment practices at GFT, about the impact of the Basel III rule changes upon the HF industry. Weintraub says, one ought to look not at the parts, but at the whole. Read More


The Skorina Report: Risky Business–Chief Investment Officers and Public Pension Plans

Aug 16th, 2015 | Filed under: Alpha Hunters, Alpha Seekers, Alpha Strategies, Institutional Investing, Risk management

Guest columnist Charles Skorina with a cautionary tale of greed and deceit and less-than-best practices at a large public pension plan.Read More


SEC’s Daniel Gallagher: Friend of the Beleaguered CCO

Aug 10th, 2015 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Regulation, Regulatory, Risk management

Commissioner Gallagher contends that some recent enforcement actions "have unfairly contorted the rule to treat the compliance function as a new business line," thus giving compliance officers the unwelcome role of business heads. In this and other respects, Gallagher says the agency is setting up a perverse system of incentives for those who ought to be its allies, the CCOs of IAs. Read More


SBA of Florida Looks into Truth & Consequences of Activist Investing

Jul 16th, 2015 | Filed under: Institutional Investing, Risk management

Florida's State Board of Administration deserves some credit for undertaking a recent corporate governance study. Even trying to look at the consequences of its proxy-contest votes over a period of up to five years after they are cast seems to have shattered a glass ceiling separating actual institutional behavior from common sense. Read More


SEC: KKR Misallocated ‘Broken Deal’ Costs

Jul 14th, 2015 | Filed under: Private Equity, Regulatory, Risk management

A recent SEC finding at the expense of KKR illustrates the risk inherent in non-allocation, or careless allocation, of broken-deal expenses, and illustrates that lawyers don't necessarily use the word "deceit" to mean what one might think it means. Read More


Rogue Trader Adoboli’s Return to Freedom: Down Memory Lane

Jun 30th, 2015 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, Risk management

Perhaps the fate of Kweku Adoboli, whose roguish trading at UBS' expense came to light in September 2011, can serve now in the summer of 2015 as a caution for some in the European elite contemplating the long stand-off between Syriza and the Troika. Read More


European Investor Satisfaction with Smart Beta ETFs

Jun 28th, 2015 | Filed under: Alpha Strategies, CAPM / Alpha Theory, ETFs, Liquid Alts, Risk management, Smart Beta

Two authors at EDHEC remind us that 15% of the assets in any ETF or ETF-like products for European investors were in smart-beta indexed products as of August 2014, and that this amount is growing. They discuss the extent to which investors are pleased with their results. Read More


A Close Look at the Deutsche Bank Findings

Jun 10th, 2015 | Filed under: Derivatives, Risk management

Judy Collins might suggest looking at risk from ‘both sides now.’ But it appears that according to DB at a critical moment in global financial history, risk existed only to the extent that it worked to enhance the value of DB positions: it didn’t exist in any sense that might have required a haircut.Read More


Copper Prices: Why the Downslope?

May 26th, 2015 | Filed under: Commodities, Hard metals, Risk management, Technology

How long will it take before the world again sees copper at around $10,000 a ton, the going price it touched (though briefly) in early 2011? Perhaps several more years and another full business cycle. There may be a lot of down before an upturn gets us there. Read More


Comparing SPM to Elliott: And Other Thoughts on MBS Funds

May 6th, 2015 | Filed under: Alpha Hunters, Alpha Seekers, Derivatives, Risk management

SPM "sticks out in [his] mind" as a successful manager with a "17 year track record" with returns in the mid 20s. "Where else are you going to get that?" Well, there is at least one other place that then comes to Brian Shapiro's thoughts: SPM's return compares to the return available from Elliott.Read More