Browsing: Risk Management Strategies & Processes

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Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Time-varying Equity Volatility Markedly Affects Hedge Fund Performance

May 19th, 2020 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Risk management, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

By Masao Matsuda, CAIA, FRM, Founder, Crossgates Investment and Risk Management One would think hedge funds can weather market gyrations better than long-only equity investments as hedge funds have greater flexibility in determining the levels of market exposure.  However, while some individual hedge funds may have been successful in adverse marketRead More


Volatility Forecasting Across the Financial Markets

May 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Currencies, Newly Added, Risk management, The Global Economy & Currencies, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Mark Caslin, CEO, Alder Capital Uses of volatility forecasting in financial markets Volatility is generally accepted as the best measure of market risk and volatility forecasting is used in many different applications across the industry. These include risk management, VAR, portfolio construction and optimisation, active fund management, risk-parity investing,Read More


Time-varying Volatility Adds a Critical Dimension to Diversification

Apr 21st, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I.

By Masao Matsuda, CAIA, FRM, Founder, Crossgates Investment and Risk Management In January 2020, the CAIA New York Chapter organized an event titled “Volatility? Downside Protection? Asset Allocation & Factor Management Tools for the Coming Decade.”[i] In retrospect, the event was uncannily prescient, as just a few months into the newRead More


Covid-19 Alpha

Mar 31st, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

During the Global Financial Crisis, the financial world learned that, in times of calamity, “the correlations of risk-on assets move towards one.”  Asset classes that had appeared to be uncorrelated and which appeared to contain only idiosyncratic risks suddenly became correlated.  It turned out that systemic risk (correlation) was non-linear. Read More


Using Alternative Data and Machine Learning in Alternative Asset Classes

Mar 30th, 2020 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Newly Added, Alternative data, Fintech, Risk management, Technology, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Machine Learning, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director of Content Strategy, CAIA Association Michael Oliver Weinberg and Peter Strikwerda work at the Dutch pension fund APG and serve as the head of hedge funds and alternative alpha and the global head of digital and innovation, respectively. CAIA Association and FDPRead More


Diversification Strikes Back!

Mar 13th, 2020 | Filed under: Real Estate, Private Equity, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Asset allocation, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Asset Allocation Models, Institutional Asset Management, Real Estate Equity Investments, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Private Investments, Real Assets, Allocating to A.I.

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association, and Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director, Content Strategy at CAIA Association “Diversification is back” – now that’s not a phrase we’ve heard in a long time…long time. Considering recent market performance, we thought thatRead More


Real Assets ‘Inception:’ Diversification within Diversification

Feb 27th, 2020 | Filed under: Consultants, Real Estate, Liquid and Fixed Income Real Estate, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Natural Resources and Land, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Asset Allocation Models, Operationally Intensive Real Assets, Endowments & Foundations, Institutional Asset Management, Real Estate Equity Investments, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Real Assets

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 8, Issue 1 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA MembershipRead More


Taleb: What Size Tail Does the Smart Money Bet On?

Jan 28th, 2020 | Filed under: Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk management, Behavioral finance, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Machine Learning, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Statistician/philosopher Nassim Nicholas Taleb critiques “behavioral” economics and finance as he looks at the differences between “binary forecasts” and “real world payoffs,” in a recent paper for the International Journal of Forecasting. Much of the argument will be familiar to those who have some acquaintance with Taleb’s work as itRead More


SASB + TCFD = Common ESG Disclosure Standards?

Jan 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, ESG, Climate change, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Macroeconomics, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), a non-profit organization has developed industry-specific standards across environmental, social, and governance topics, working toward a consensus on the sorts of disclosures that the issuers of securities should and will make to their investors. In November 2018, SASB released complete standards for 77 industries.Read More


CAIA Alternative Viewpoint: Risk Parity

Jan 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Mean variance optimization (MVO) is a simple, yet well-regarded asset allocation technique designed to create a portfolio that maximizes it’s expected level of return for a given level of standard deviation. Many institutions construct diversified portfolios using this simple technique, attempting to maximize their risk-adjusted returns. While popular with manyRead More


False Positives and Machine Learning

Jan 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: CTA, Newly Added, Alternative data, Fintech, Risk management, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Alternative Investments in Context, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Machine Learning, Hedge Funds, Other Topics in A.I.

There is a high rate of failure among quant funds. These include smart beta, factor investing, statistical arbitrage, and CTAs. Such false positive strategies are a widespread industry problem. Since psychiatrists have long traded on the ability of the human mind to find an elaborate narrative in a random inkRead More


Hope May Not Be a Strategy…But Neither is a 60/40

Jan 21st, 2020 | Filed under: Consultants, Retail Investing, Alpha & Beta, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, What about beta?, Asset Allocation Models, Alternative Investments in Context, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I.

By Guest Contributor Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development The death of the 60/40 may be a welcome change for multi-asset investors who understand that exposure to risk premia is perhaps a far better long-term investment strategy. Diversification remains an important facet of asset allocation, but weRead More


An Alternative View of Manager Selection Risk

Jan 16th, 2020 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Asset Allocation Models, Other Issues in Private Investments, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Private Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM & Hossein Kazemi, PhD, CFA, CAIA Association & CISDM This is a summary of the editor’s letter originally published in the Volume 8, Issue 4 of the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, a journal published by CAIA Association. The Problem with Studies Many studies onRead More


How to Improve Momentum Risk Management

Nov 12th, 2019 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Equity Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds

Matthew X. Hanauer and Steffen Windmueller, two scholars affiliated with the Technical University of Munich, compare the performance of three risk management approaches applicable to the momentum strategy. Their new paper also explores the risk management techniques available for hedge fund managers and others who pursue a momentum strategy. ARead More


Past performance guarantees no future results

Oct 17th, 2019 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk management, Business News, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Finance & Economics

Since, as everyone says, “past performance is no guarantee of future results,” a history of close correlation between two assets, or between a single asset and a benchmark, is no guarantee of future correlation. The threat that a correlation upon which a particular investor has relied will cease to applyRead More


Bitcoin Derivatives Behaving Just Like Other Underlying Assets

Oct 15th, 2019 | Filed under: Derivatives, Newly Added, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Other Issues in Private Investments, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Frontier markets, Structured Products, Other Topics in A.I.

Bitcoin derivatives act a lot like the derivatives of other asset classes. Two scholars at the University of London recently looked at bitcoin’s “volatility smiles and skews” as found in the short and long dated maturity of options traded at the Deribit Exchange in 2019. Helyette Geman and Henry Price,Read More


Meet the New Crisis: Looks Like the Old Crisis

Oct 13th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, The Global Economy & Currencies, Business News, Economics, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Last month saw an extraordinary spike in the interest rates of the repo market—the market that consists of the (very) short-term, usually the overnight, borrowing of government securities. Hedge funds, along with other institutions such as trading firms and banks, regularly hand over US Treasury bills and the like inRead More


Valuation: A New Approach to an Old Financial Tool

Oct 7th, 2019 | Filed under: Equity Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Other Issues in Private Investments, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds

Zane Swanson, an accounting professor at the University of Central Oklahoma, has been at work on a fascinating new approach to the valuation of firms and the valuation of their equity shares. This approach may be of great interest to risk arb hedge funds. Swanson is working with an establishedRead More


Low Vol vs Option-Based Strategies

Oct 6th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch (@FactorResearch) INTRODUCTION Some investment products and strategies can be considered toxic given their history on Wall Street. Portfolio insurance is rarely used in marketing materials, given its role in the 1987 stock market crash. CDO-Squared instruments and structured investment vehicles (SIVs) are also unlikely toRead More


Goldman Sachs Puts Stop-loss on Options

Oct 1st, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structured Products

Goldman Sachs threw in the towel two years ago. Well, “a towel,” anyway. Goldman has lots of towels. But two years ago, Goldman gave up on market making at the US options exchanges. In time for the anniversary, Alphacution has posted a research paper on the “long arc” of optionsRead More


Anticipating Buyout Deals: A Prospective New Model on an Old Strategy

Aug 22nd, 2019 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Equity Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Risk management, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Smart Beta, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Risk Management & Operations

Milind Sharma and Aravind Ganesan have developed what they call the QMIT Leveraged Buyout Model—a trading strategy—based on anticipating announcements of LBOs based on QMIT’s factor library. Sharma is the CEO of QMIT, QuantZ Machine Intelligence Technologies. QMIT is itself a spin-off from QuantZ Capital, which is a stat arbRead More


Liquidity: Running for the Exits

Aug 15th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Other Issues in Private Investments, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Risk Management & Operations

Liquidity vanishes when you need it most. That isn’t an especially original observation. It’s like saying that the exit doors are always jammed precisely when you need a quick exit quickly. Amin Rajan gives us a forceful statement of this point inspired by the “current travails at Woodford Asset Management.”Read More


Active Risk Budgeting Gets Consistent Alpha

Jul 28th, 2019 | Filed under: CAPM / Alpha Theory, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Finance & Economics

A new paper takes an experimental look at “Active Risk Budgeting,” a method of portfolio construction that looks to build upon older and sometimes passive risk budgeting approaches, adding enough active management to allow the risk budget to change over time. For example, an institution might want its risk budgetRead More


Ramping Up a PE Allocation Over Time

Jul 21st, 2019 | Filed under: Private Equity, Debt Types of Private Equity, Newly Added, Risk management, Equity Types of Private Equity, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Private Investments

Many investors with long horizons are increasing their allocation to private equity funds: to extract the gains from managerial skill in that field, to reap the illiquidity premium, and simply to diversify. TIAA Endowment & Philanthropic Services has put out a paper on the creation and maintenance of a privateRead More


One Year Left to Run on Critical No-Action Letters for Investment Managers

Jul 18th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Business News, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

The Securities and Exchange Commission issued three no-action letters on the issue of research payments, in light of developments on that issue in Europe in 2017. Specifically, they dealt with the cross-border of Europe’s rules (MiFID II), which were scheduled to take effect, and which did take effect, on Jan.Read More


Net Performance Reporting: Not Just Arithmetic

Jul 2nd, 2019 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Industry Size & Managers, Newly Added, Asset Managers, Operations, Partner accounting, The A.I. Industry, Fees, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

Why can’t a fund manager simply subtract all fees and expenses from gross returns and present the arithmetical result to existing or potential investors? In a newly released paper, Donald Steinbrugge, the founder and CEO of Agecroft Partners, discusses how hedge funds calculate and present their net performance, and theRead More


Fixing the Sharpe Ratio: A Machine Learning Approach

Jun 16th, 2019 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Newly Added, Risk management, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds

The Sharpe ratio has long served as a simple but important item in the due diligence tool kit. Formulated by William F. Sharpe in 1966 and first called the “reward to variability” ratio, the number arises from an investment’s rate of return minus the risk-free rate divided by the standardRead More


Accommodating Ambiguity Aversion in Portfolio Modeling

May 14th, 2019 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By standard definition, “ambiguity aversion” is the preference for known risks over unknown risks, the known unknowns over the unknown unknowns. A recent paper discusses the portfolio-level consequences of this aversion. The paper, written by Valery Polkovnichenko and Hui (Grace) Wang, explains that for an ambiguity-neutral investor, “adding active portfolio withRead More


Oak-and-Tree and Larry Grows… 

Mar 25th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, What about beta?, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I.

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The adaptation to this week’s title harkens back to late 19th century Scotland where this was a play song more popularly known as “Oats and Beans and Barley Grow.” It was a song of action in a time and a place—where most of the wakingRead More


BLACK SWANS, MAJOR EVENTS & FACTOR RETURNS

Mar 24th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Macroeconomics, Finance & Economics

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch INTRODUCTION Investors fear black swan events, although it can be argued that this fear is irrational. The black swan theory is a metaphor that describes a surprise event that has a major impact and is often rationalized with hindsight. A recent example would be theRead More


Algorithms Moving into the Bond Markets

Mar 17th, 2019 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Newly Added, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

Algorithmic trading may fairly be said to have conquered the public equities world, although there are still pockets of resistance and related controversies. The robots have now turned their attention to the bond markets. Bond markets are different from stock markets in a lot of ways, and many of theseRead More


Assessing Risk Measurement for a Portfolio of Hedge Funds

Jan 27th, 2019 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Risk management, Technology, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, Risk Management & Operations

Two scholars, Shubeur Rahman and Ranjan Bhaduri, have in a new paper taken a fresh look at a long-standing dilemma in the alternative investments industry. The question is: how should investors in hedge funds (especially in a multi-asset class, multi-strategy portfolio of hedge funds) measure the market risk inherent inRead More


Risks & Rewards: The Future of Finance in Blockchain

Jan 6th, 2019 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Technology, Operations, Digital currencies, ETFs, Smart Beta, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Emerging Alternative Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

A new article by Dave Dowsett and Heather Wied, both of Invesco, looks at blockchains and the way this new technology, precisely as it divorces itself from its original significance as a feature of the cryptocurrencies, is ready to transform finance. Dowsett and Wied contend that blockchain “offers the possibilityRead More


Leveraging and Enhancing Catastrophe Models

Dec 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Operations, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Emerging Alternative Investments, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

I write these words soon after reading the news from Sundra Strait, Indonesia. In recent days, the eruption and collapse of a volcano there has set off a tsunami that in turn has devastated the coastal regions of Banten and Lampung, also in Indonesia. Much time may have to passRead More


Financialization and the Volatility of Commodity Prices

Dec 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Industry Size & Managers, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, oil, Energy, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Commodities, Risk Management & Operations

A recent article in the Journal of Risk and Financial Management  takes a fresh look at a familiar issue:  whether the development of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and related instruments tracking the commodities industry (or, in short, the financialization of commodities) has had an impact on the volatility of the pricesRead More


Steamrollers, Geniuses and Market Crashes

Nov 27th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Risk management, Operations, The Global Economy & Currencies, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Relative Value Hedge Funds, Risk Management & Operations, Finance & Economics

McGraw Hill Education has brought out a new book by Bruce I. Jacobs, of Jacobs Levy Equity Management. The book, Too Smart for our Own Good, concerns “ingenious investment strategies, illusions of safety, and market crashes.” The thesis is that the financial crises of recent decades are the consequence ofRead More


EY Reports on Alternative Investments and Artificial Intelligence

Nov 13th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Private Equity, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Risk management, The A.I. Industry, Hedge Funds, Private Investments

The twelfth annual report of what used to be known as the EY Global Hedge Fund Survey has been re-christened the EY Global Alternative Fund Survey. As it has under the earlier name, EY again records the views of fund managers and investors around the globe on a wide rangeRead More


Panayiotis Lambropoulos: The View from a Public Pension Manager’s Office

Nov 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Due Diligence Process, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Alpha Hunters, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Alternative Investments in Context, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

On Nov. 13, the 24th Annual National Pension and Institutional Investment Summit convenes in Dallas Texas. CAIA is a sponsor of this event. Panayiotis Lambropoulos, portfolio manager of hedge funds at the Employees Retirement System of Texas, will offer his insights at a panel on emerging hedge fund managers. Lambropoulos’Read More


Avoiding Over-Allocation to Alternative Investments

Nov 6th, 2018 | Filed under: Private Equity, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Private Investments

A new white paper from New York Life looks at the role of alternatives in portfolio construction and argues that usual risk-return based approaches can underestimate risk and lead to over-allocation to the alternatives. The paper, by Amit Soni, an NYL portfolio manager, proposes a new method “to quantify performanceRead More


Quantifying High Performance Dispersion Risk in Alternatives

Oct 24th, 2018 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Alpha & Beta, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Allocating to A.I.

By Amit Soni, Portfolio Manager, Strategic Asset Allocation, New York Life Investments Lofty valuations in traditional assets have encouraged investors to explore alternatives. Unfortunately, the lack of a holistic investment framework to incorporate alternatives poses a challenge. Traditional risk-return based approaches, alone, over-allocate to alternatives–a result of underestimation of risksRead More


A Brief History of Asset Allocation

Oct 16th, 2018 | Filed under: CAPM / Alpha Theory, Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Hedge Fund Strategies, Financial Economics Theory, Newly Added, Risk management, Crowdfunding, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Business News, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Emerging Alternative Investments, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

Glassbridge has put out an ambitious white paper about the “evolution of asset allocation across the investment management industry,” one that begins with the basics of the Capital Asset Pricing Model and ends with quantitative analysis and crowdsourcing. The premise is that new strategies, and new ranges of data, areRead More


Self-Organizing Maps for Selecting Hedge Funds

Oct 9th, 2018 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Asset allocation, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Asset Allocation Models, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Allocating to A.I.

A new paper by Claus Huber, of Rodex Risk Advisers, looks at machine learning for risk analysis, working especially from the “self-organizing maps” associated with Finnish Professor Teuvo Kohonen. A SOM is a low-dimensional representation of input space (thinking of it as two dimensional makes the “map” analogy intuitive, andRead More


Goldman Sachs Equity Hedge Fund Report Deep Dives 13Fs

Oct 7th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Equity Hedge Funds, Newly Added, Alpha Strategies, Risk management, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

Working from a database drawn from 13F filings, authors of a new report from Goldman Sachs Asset Management maintain: (1) hedge funds tend to overweight equities in three markets: information technology, consumer discretionary, healthcare; (2) quarter-on-quarter turnover for equity hedge funds’ portfolios is limited; and (3) a long-only sample portfolioRead More


The Connection between Audit Fees and Derivative Hedging

Sep 11th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Operations and Risk Management, Newly Added, Risk management, oil, Commodities: Examples, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Commodities

It is generally acknowledged that there exists a positive association between business risk and audit fees. There is room for dispute as to what that means. On the one hand, the riskier clients for whom an audit firm works might simply be the ones that have the most complicated books,Read More


Hedging or Trading? Why Italian Banks Use Derivatives

Aug 23rd, 2018 | Filed under: Derivatives, Newly Added, Risk management, Credit Derivatives, The Global Economy & Currencies, Economics, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Commodities, Risk Management & Operations

A recent report by the Bank of Italy looks at why the various banks of Italy use derivatives. Specifically, the central bank of that country wanted to know: is it a matter of hedging? Or is it a matter of keeping a proprietary book? Hedge fund managers and other pursuersRead More


Kurtosis Diagnosis: Don’t get Skewed!

Aug 20th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, What about beta?, Risk Metrics and Measurement, The A.I. Industry, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association The quote “what gets measured gets managed” is oft-times attributed to the author and consultant Peter Drucker. The origin is less significant than its modern-day meaning and, while it is most often used in the context of business management, it ports quite well into the management ofRead More


Volatility Arbitrage and Cross-Border Options

Jul 29th, 2018 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Investing in Commodities, Newly Added, Alpha Strategies, Risk management, Macro and Managed Futures Funds, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Commodities, Risk Management & Operations

A new paper, by Adriano Tosi, of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, looks at the mispricing of a cross-section of international option returns, which suggests that there is money to be made (in more decorous language a “positive risk premium” may be “commanded,”) by selling exchange-traded products and buying theRead More


Using the Variance Risk Premium to Predict Futures Markets

Jul 15th, 2018 | Filed under: Commodities, Hard metals, Newly Added, Risk management, oil, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Commodities: Examples, Energy, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Gold, Commodities

A new study of volatility in commodity prices indicates that both the total and the decomposed variance risk premiums of at least certain commodities markets contain information with predictive power. The variance risk premium is the pay-off of the synthetic variance swap contract. Specifically, it’s the difference between the floatingRead More


Neural Networks and EPS Prediction

Jul 12th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

Yes, it sounds a bit like the phrase “jumbo shrimp,” in terms of sense, but a “long short-term memory neural network” is an important recent advance in artificial intelligence research. The term refers to a neural network devised with “forget gates” attached to cells of memory, originally in order toRead More


The Irrelevance of Dodd-Frank & Memories of the Crisis

May 28th, 2018 | Filed under: Newly Added, Credit Derivatives, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Structured Credit Products, Structured Products, Risk Management & Operations

There has been some political excitement of late concerning the repeal of part of the Dodd-Frank statute, which was the great post-crisis reform bill that sought to remake the financial regulatory system in the United States. On Thursday, May 24, President Trump signed a bill that exempts dozens of banksRead More