Browsing: Newly Added

Newly Added

Transparency…Democracy…Liquidity

Aug 2nd, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Fintech, Technology, Other Topics in A.I.

The structure of financial markets has changed substantially since the 2014 publication of Michael Lewis’ Flash Boys. Much that was shocking and new then is now taken for granted. Also, the world of investments is in a sense more democratic now, with Robinhood transforming the model of retail investing, andRead More


Understanding the Limitations of Liquid Alternatives

Jul 30th, 2020 | Filed under: Retail Investing, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Alternative Mutual Funds, 130/30, Liquid Alts, Alternative Investments in Context, Smart Beta, Hedge Funds, Liquid Alternative Investiments, Allocating to A.I.

By Shana Sissel, CAIA, Spotlight Asset Group More than a decade ago the world of alternative investments witnessed hedge-fund-inspired Investment Act of 1940 (40 Act) funds appear on the scene. Much like their private alternative counterparts, liquid alternatives offer valuable diversification benefits within traditional portfolios, but it’s important to keepRead More


What’s the Difference Between Momentum and Trend Following?

Jul 29th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alpha Strategies, Hedge Funds

By Alex Botte, CFA, CAIA, Vice President, Two Sigma At the end of 2019, Two Sigma’s Venn platform added three new macro style factors to its risk model, the Two Sigma Factor Lens: Fixed Income Carry, Foreign Exchange Carry, and Trend Following. The first two factors are meant to capture anRead More


Hedge Funds and Private Equity—Building Bridges—Or Not

Jul 27th, 2020 | Filed under: Private Equity, Debt Types of Private Equity, Newly Added, Asset Managers, Institutional Investing, Venture capital, Asset allocation, Equity Types of Private Equity, Asset Allocation Models, The A.I. Industry, Institutional Asset Management, Hedge Funds, Private Investments

Alternative investment managers were evolving in the context of changing market conditions even before the Covid-19 pandemic, although the virus has speeded up the process. What is emerging is an alternatives landscape where pure-play hedge funds will be rare. That is one of the conclusions of a new study byRead More


Politics, Religion, and…Private Equity?

Jul 27th, 2020 | Filed under: Private Equity, Newly Added, Equity Types of Private Equity, What about beta?, Private Investments

By Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM, Associate Director of Content Development at CAIA Association Institutional investors have dramatically increased their allocations to alternative investments over the past few decades, including increased allocations to private equity. Private capital allocations remain highest in endowment portfolios, but other institutions, such as family offices andRead More


An ‘Alternative’ Safe-Haven

Jul 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Newly Added, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I.

By Karl Rogers, ACE Capital Investments Abstract: The sovereign bond market has traditionally been a widely used tool for portfolio construction given its dual characteristics of returning a real yield with a negative correlation to equity markets – providing both a real return expectancy and portfolio protection. Given the zero-lower-boundRead More


Global Macro: Masters of the Universe?

Jul 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Hedge Funds

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch (@FactorResearch) INTRODUCTION He-Man and the Masters of the Universe was a popular TV cartoon show in the 1980s, where a handsome Prince Adam was battling the evil Skeletor for control of the universe. Each time Prince Adam held the Sword of Power and boomed “ByRead More


Real Estate and COVID-19: The Devil Is in the Dispersion

Jul 22nd, 2020 | Filed under: Real Estate, Newly Added, Real Estate Equity Investments

By Fritz Louw and Niel Harmse The recent market turmoil has resembled the global financial crisis and other volatile periods, in that we have observed a widening of the dispersion of returns across real estate assets. This widening spread has been most pronounced in retail property — a sector thatRead More


Impact Investing Won’t Save Capitalism, But Its Example Might

Jul 22nd, 2020 | Filed under: Private Equity, Social investing, Newly Added, Asset allocation, Socially responsible investing, Equity Types of Private Equity, Asset Allocation Models, Other Issues in Private Investments, ESG, Private Investments, SRI and Clean Energy, Other Topics in A.I.

By Michael O’Leary and Warren Valdmanis GIIN’s 10th Anniversary report highlights new records, but what’s the endgame? When the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN) issued its first survey a decade ago, the term “impact investing” had only been coined three years earlier. Just 24 investors responded. In GIIN’s tenth anniversaryRead More


Seeking to Predict Recessions? Focus on the Forest—Not the Trees

Jul 21st, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alternative data, Artificial Intelligence, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Alternative Investments in Context, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

By Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director, CAIA Association The FDP Institute recently spoke with Al Yazdani, the chief data scientist and founder of Calcolo Analytics, regarding his forthcoming article in the Journal of Financial Data Science: “Machine Learning Prediction of Recessions: An Imbalanced Classification Approach.” The authorRead More


Canadian Farmland – Feeding the World in a Changing Climate

Jul 19th, 2020 | Filed under: Agriculture, Newly Added, Farmland, Natural Resources and Land, Real Assets

By Joelle Faulkner, Founder and CEO & Max Pentland, Analyst, Area One Farms As our climate and population are rapidly changing on a global scale, Canadian farmland appears to be  an increasingly attractive investment. Rising populations and temperatures will likely cause farmland values in Canada to appreciate, driven by demand for agriculturalRead More


Socially Distant Inflation

Jul 16th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, The Global Economy & Currencies, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Alternative Investments in Context, Finance & Economics

By Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP As the COVID-19 lockdowns start to ease across the country, governmental entities often have phased approaches for opening. Smaller crowds, smaller businesses, and more socially distanced activities are the first to reopen. It may take until 2021, at the earliest, to return toRead More


Technology: Aiding and Abetting the Democratization of Alternative Investments

Jul 14th, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Private Equity, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Fintech, Venture capital, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Other Issues in Private Investments, Machine Learning, Hedge Funds, Private Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

A recent working paper for the European Corporate Governance Institute maintains that technology has the potential to make hedge funds and private equity more accessible to the retail investor. The paper, by Omololu Bajulaiye of Tilburg University, along with some other scholars begins with the non-controversial proposition that venture capital,Read More


Why Do You Stay?

Jul 13th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added

By Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM | Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association The financial services industry is often touted as a “people business.” Whether you are a portfolio manager, a financial planner, a salesperson, or a trader, you probably interact with other investment professionals in some capacity. ToRead More


A CLO-ser look at structured products

Jul 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Derivatives, Newly Added, Credit Derivatives, Structured Credit Products, Structured Products

By Robert Hoffman, Managing Director, Investment Research and Kara O’Halloran, Associate, Investment Research, FS Investments Structured products are no stranger to the limelight. Once only garnering interest from niche Wall Street trading floors, collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) and mortgage-backed securities (MBS) have become household names, as these products were cited asRead More


Changes are coming

Jul 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Fintech, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

This article was co-authored by Dr Mehrzad Mahdavi and Hossein Kazemi, Phd, CFA from FDP Institute, and William J. Kelly from CAIA Association Digital transformation, with artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies at its core, has created unprecedented challenges and opportunities across all industries.  The financial sector will be profoundly affected as demonstrated by numerous use casesRead More


Looking For Sustainability in Energy SDG Credits

Jul 9th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Socially responsible investing, ESG, SRI and Clean Energy, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

A new report by two analysts at Robeco discusses sustainability trends in energy credits, especially in the era of Covid 19. The analysts acknowledge the demand collapse that is keeping crude oil, and accordingly alternatives fuels, at very low values. Their focus is on what lies ahead for energy credits.Read More


Change is in the Air, But Will It Stay?

Jul 7th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Personalities in AI

By Debbie McLean, Managing Director of Global Relations at CAIA Association I’m one of five women in my family who attended an all-women’s college. Mount Holyoke was established 183 years ago to be the “Harvard equivalent” for women who were not allowed to attend the prestigious university perched on theRead More


FINANCIAL RETURNS IN REWARD-BASED CROWDFUNDING

Jul 5th, 2020 | Filed under: Retail Investing, Newly Added, Venture capital, Crowdfunding, Angel investing, Other Issues in Private Investments, Alternative Investments in Context, Emerging Alternative Investments, Private Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

By Victoria Dobrynskaya, PhD, associate professor of Finance at National Research University Higher School of Economics Investments in reward-based crowdfunding campaigns give backers a variety of benefits, such as enjoyment in participating in a creation of a new product, being a part of a similar-minded community, altruistic pleasure of helpingRead More


Machine Learning Goes Global

Jul 2nd, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

A recent test of machine learning in pursuit of alpha finds results similar to what established literature already suggests in looking specifically at the value of algorithms in the US market. But this study then goes global, in a way that most of existing literature on this question has not,Read More


‘Expectations Will Increase’ on E(E)SG

Jun 30th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, ESG, Allocating to A.I., Other Topics in A.I.

 Adam O. Emmerich of the corporate and securities law firm Wachtell Lipton in a recent memo cautioned the firm’s corporate clients that the expectations on them with regard to transparency on environmental, social, and governance matters will increase in the months ahead. His emphasis is on the social part ofRead More


The Inflation-Deflation Debate and its Implication for Asset Allocation 

Jun 28th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Risk management, Asset allocation, Asset Allocation Models, Alternative Investments in Context, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Allocating to A.I., Finance & Economics

By Alan Dunne, Managing Director, Abbey Capital One of the key questions facing investors at the moment is whether inflation or deflation represents the bigger risk for the coming years. Economists are split on this and one of the reasons for the uncertainty is that COVID-19 represents both a supplyRead More


Variance Risk Premium: What Premium?

Jun 25th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alpha Strategies, Risk management, Risk Metrics and Measurement, Alternative Investments in Context, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch (@FactorResearch) INTRODUCTION Investing is akin to fighting in the forever war. There are long periods of peace and prosperity, but investors are frequently drawn into short-term combat, extended battles, and multi-year wars. And the cycle repeats over and over. For some of the foot soldiers,Read More


CRE Debt & the Downturn: What’s Next?

Jun 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: Derivatives, Newly Added, Credit Derivatives, Alternative Investments in Context, Structured Products, Other Topics in A.I.

By Matt Malone, Managing Director, Real Estate and Andrew Korz, Associate, Investment Research, FS Investments As the COVID-19 pandemic has swept across the world, it has become clear that the necessary steps being taken by governments to protect human life have thrust the global economy into a recession. In theRead More


The Allusivity Premium

Jun 22nd, 2020 | Filed under: Retail Investing, Newly Added, Institutional Investing, What about beta?, Liquid Alts, Alternative Investments in Context, Smart Beta, Institutional Asset Management, Liquid Alternative Investiments, Other Topics in A.I.

By Bill Kelly, CEO, CAIA Association Since this What About Beta column started about two years and almost 75 entries ago, the goal has always been to take a CAIA article, a relevant news story, or an industry trend and amplify it, replete with an occasional catchy title, and maybeRead More


SAVING THE WORLD BY ‘TECHNOLOGIZING’ INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT

Jun 21st, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alternative data, Institutional Investing, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Alternative Investments in Context, ESG, Endowments & Foundations, Climate change, Institutional Asset Management, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

By Ashby Monk, Executive and Research Director at Global Projects Center, Stanford University & Dane Rook, Research Engineer at Global Projects Center, Stanford University “The world needs institutional investors to save society as we know it.” Say these words to your mother, and she may check your temperature; say them at aRead More


Pursuing Diversification with Cryptocurrencies

Jun 18th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, The Global Economy & Currencies, Digital currencies, Emerging Alternative Investments, Other Topics in A.I.

By Andrew Keenan, CAIA, CFA, CBP, Assistant Vice President – Valuation Risk and Control at Credit Suisse Overview The recent release of CAIA Association’s seminal report “The Next Decade of Alternative Investments: From Adolescence to Responsible Citizenship” underscored four key tenets for the investment industry to adhere to and emphasizeRead More


The Test and The Bet

Jun 16th, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Hedge Funds

By Shreekant Daga, CAIA, CFA, FRM | Associate Director, Liaison Office, India | CAIA Association Sporting incidents at times draw similarities to financial matters. The below write-up compares and contracts one of the most famous cricket test matches and a Wall Street bet with a financial investment lens. The blog post takes form of aRead More


UK Stewardship Code: Stepping Up as Corporate Guardians

Jun 14th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Institutional Investing, ESG, Institutional Asset Management, Other Topics in A.I.

It has been 10 years since the United Kingdom introduced a Stewardship Code, drawn up by its Financial Reporting Council (FRC), a quasi-governmental agency. The code was meant to remedy some of the inadequacies in the system of corporate governance that, it was thought, the crises of 2007-2008 had revealed.Read More


‘HAL, Determine the Fatness of the Tail’

Jun 11th, 2020 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Newly Added, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Business News, Machine Learning, Finance & Economics, Other Topics in A.I.

There has been a lot of commentary in the financial press about the idea of “fat tails,” that is, about the idea that disasters are more common than a normal or bell curve view of probability would lead one to expect. Indeed, one might even say that there is someRead More


Release the {virtuous} Kraken!

Jun 9th, 2020 | Filed under: Private Equity, Newly Added, Venture capital, Equity Types of Private Equity, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Private Investments

By Jim Bethea, CAIA, CFA: CIO of The University of Iowa Center for Advancement and John L. Bowman, CFA: SMD of CAIA Associaton The cult-like declaration has its origin in the 2010 Clash of the Titans remake. While the cast was superb and it grossed nearly $500m worldwide, it wasRead More


A Target Date for Target Dates

Jun 8th, 2020 | Filed under: Consultants, Retail Investing, Private Equity, Newly Added, Alternative Mutual Funds, Asset allocation, Equity Types of Private Equity, What about beta?, Asset Allocation Models, Other Issues in Private Investments, Institutional Asset Management, Private Investments, Allocating to A.I.

By Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM | Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association While every retirement plan participant has unique life and planning circumstances, they generally (and almost evenly) split into two broad categories regarding investment philosophies: the do-it-yourself crowd and the do-it-for-me crowd. The do-it-yourself crowd typically followsRead More


Has the Corona Virus Helped to Erode the Hype Around Artificial Intelligence?

Jun 4th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Business News, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

By Dr. Mehrzad Mahdavi, Executive Director, CEO Financial Data Professionals Institute According to a recent WSJ article, (subscription required) many companies have just discovered that AI is not some kind of magic sauce that could be poured over any business process to transform it into a moneymaking machin. The article also points outRead More


How Often Do Investors Google ‘Climate Change’?

Jun 2nd, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Socially responsible investing, Alternative Investments in Context, ESG, Climate change, Other Topics in A.I.

Two scholars at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark  have devised what they call a “text-based sustainability sentiment measure,” that is, a quantification of when and to what extent concerns about climate change are rising amongst investors, with a likely consequence for the success of an ESG-oriented trading policy. The authors areRead More


Stat Arb, Algos and the Difference Between Cats and Dogs

Jun 1st, 2020 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Artificial Intelligence, Business News, The A.I. Industry, Machine Learning, Hedge Funds, Other Topics in A.I.

A co-founder of Quantigic Solutions has presented what he calls “the freshmanlevel” answer to the question: why did dollar-neutral quant trading strategies, such as equities stat arb, fail so markedly during the COVID-19 market sell-off? Zura Kakushadze, a professor at the Free University of Tblisi, is on reasonably solid groundRead More


Hedge Funds and 2 Economic Crises: Focus on Systematic and Algorithmic Hedge Funds

May 28th, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry, Allocating to A.I.

By Hossein Kazemi, PhD, CFA, Senior Advisor at CAIA Association During the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), the role of hedge funds and their potential to provide significant downside protection was hotly debated. The same debate has resurfaced earlier this year again when markets for risky assets experience double-digit declines withinRead More


Stewardship: It Hertz When You Ignore It

May 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Debt Types of Private Equity, Newly Added, What about beta?, Risk Management & Operations

Hertz has been around for just over a century. It was started by a fellow name Jacobs in the city of Chicago with a very modest fleet consisting of about a dozen Model Ts. The ensuing years would find the growing franchise initially as a small business owned by JohnRead More


Nowcasting Endowment Returns

May 21st, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Institutional Investing, Asset allocation, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Asset Allocation Models, Endowments & Foundations, Institutional Asset Management

By Hossein Kazemi, PhD, CFA, Senior Advisor at CAIA Association, and Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association “There are at least two kinds of games. One could be called finite, the other infinite. A finite game is played for the purpose of winning, an infiniteRead More


Time-varying Equity Volatility Markedly Affects Hedge Fund Performance

May 19th, 2020 | Filed under: Performance, Analytics & Metrics, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Risk management, Benchmarking & Performance Attribution, Risk Management Strategies & Processes, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

By Masao Matsuda, CAIA, FRM, Founder, Crossgates Investment and Risk Management One would think hedge funds can weather market gyrations better than long-only equity investments as hedge funds have greater flexibility in determining the levels of market exposure.  However, while some individual hedge funds may have been successful in adverse marketRead More


Diving Deeper into the Deep Learning Pool

May 17th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

Dmitry Borisenko, an independent scholar and a former quantitative analyst at Krauspartner Investment Solutions, posted a complicated article last year with the deceptively simple title, Dissecting Momentum: We Need to Go Deeper. As the title suggests, Borisenko begins with the momentum strategy as a means of reaching alpha. Variables basedRead More


Data Scientists Should Do Drugs!

May 14th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, Alternative data, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Alternative Investments in Context, Machine Learning, Other Topics in A.I.

By Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP Now that this attention-grabbing headline has drawn you in, let me clarify. Data scientists should not partake in illegal drugs. Data scientists should participate in pharmacological research, as artificial intelligence and machine learning can add value, even when the data scientist does notRead More


Volatility Forecasting Across the Financial Markets

May 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Currencies, Newly Added, Risk management, The Global Economy & Currencies, Risk Management Strategies & Processes

By Mark Caslin, CEO, Alder Capital Uses of volatility forecasting in financial markets Volatility is generally accepted as the best measure of market risk and volatility forecasting is used in many different applications across the industry. These include risk management, VAR, portfolio construction and optimisation, active fund management, risk-parity investing,Read More


Dugong is the New Black

May 11th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, What about beta?

By Bill Kelly, CAIA Association CEO The dugong (the second “g” is soft) is a marine mammal and a close relative to the more notorious manatee. They are known for their consumption (eating up to 100 pounds of sea grass a day), their size (weighing up to 2,000 pounds), andRead More


Model Risk Management as Algo Trading Expands

May 10th, 2020 | Filed under: Algorithmic and high-frequency trading, Newly Added, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, The A.I. Industry, Machine Learning, Risk Management & Operations, Other Topics in A.I.

The FICC Market Standards Board Ltd. (FMSB) is a London-based standards body for participants in the wholesale fixed income, currencies, and commodities (FICC) markets. It has been looking into the root causes of market misconduct, and pursuant to that research it recently published a report on the “themes and challenges”Read More


Hedge Funds Between the Economics Crises

May 7th, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Newly Added, Indexes, CAIA Alternative Viewpoints, Hedge Funds, Structure of the Hedge Funds Industry

By Hossein Kazemi, Ph.D., CFA, Senior Advisor, CAIA Program Introduction The performance of hedge funds since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) has been hotly debated in both industry and academic studies. There is strong evidence that the GFC had a profound impact on the structure and the relative performance of theRead More


ETFs, Systemic Risks, and a Real-Time Test

May 5th, 2020 | Filed under: Retail Investing, Newly Added, Liquid Alts, ETFs, The A.I. Industry, Liquid Alternative Investiments

ETFs are one of the routes by which once alternative and elite-access-only strategies have become democratized or gone retail. As a result of this trend, we have synthetic ETFs, smart beta ETFs, leveraged ETFs, and inverse ETFs. A recent study study provides some reassurance about concerns that have motivated kickbackRead More


Back(wardization) to the Future

May 3rd, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Industry Trends, Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Indexes, What about beta?, Hedge Funds

By Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM – Associate Director of Content Development at CAIA Association In the title reference, the character Dr. Emmett Brown says this about a bolt of lightning: “Unfortunately, you never know when or where it is ever gonna strike.” Frame of reference is everything when itRead More


MERGER ARBITRAGE: ARBITRAGED AWAY?

Apr 30th, 2020 | Filed under: Hedge Fund Strategies, Newly Added, Event-Driven Hedge Funds, The A.I. Industry, Hedge Funds

By Nicolas Rabener, @FactorResearch INTRODUCTION Working in the restructuring team of a corporate finance boutique is like being a trader focused on short-selling. Most money is made when companies falter, and stocks turn bearish. A restructurer’s cyclical counterpart is the ever-optimistic merger & acquisition (M&A) banker that thrives when theRead More


The Data, the Virus, and the Rebound

Apr 28th, 2020 | Filed under: Newly Added, The A.I. Industry, Finance & Economics

A new paper from Loomis Sayles, a subsidiary of Natixis Global Asset Management, discusses the data, and the sort of data, that may tell investors and traders what are the likely effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, in however many mutations there may be. A familiar metaphor in such discussions isRead More


Oil Prices Went Where?

Apr 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Commodities, Newly Added, oil, Commodities: Examples, The A.I. Industry, Commodities

By Adam A. Rozencwajg, CFA, Managing Partner, Geohring & Rozencwajg Oil prices joined bond yields in doing the unthinkable: trading at negative levels. In the case of oil, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) May 2020 contract reached a low of -$40.32 at 2:24 pm before rallying back to finish the day atRead More