Browsing: Risk Management

Risk Management

What About Beta? | Learn to Play the Orchestra

Jun 6th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, What About Beta?, Risk Management

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, FDP, Director, Global Content Development at CAIA Association Steve Wozniak: “You can’t write code… you’re not an engineer… you’re not a designer… you can’t put a hammer to a nail […] So how come ten times in a day, I read Steve Jobs isRead More


Gump’s Law and the Butterfly Effect

May 6th, 2021 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Alexander Ineichen, CAIA, CFA, FRM At the beginning of 2019, 50 out of 50 economists surveyed by the Wall Street Journal thought that 10-year Treasury yields wouldn’t fall below 2% during the year. They did. Remember: The herd instinct among forecasters makes sheep look like independent thinkers.[1] —Edgar FiedlerRead More


What About Beta? | Culture Eats Sharpe Ratios for Breakfast

Apr 25th, 2021 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, What About Beta?, Risk Management

By John Bowman, CFA, Senior Managing Director, CAIA Association This article was originally posted on FundFire on March 24, 2021. Alternative fund manager due diligence has an execution problem. The evidence is mounting that investors, managers, and consultants agree the typical fund vetting process overlooks increasingly important qualitative factors thatRead More


Responsible Investment – Are You Ready?

Mar 30th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, ESG, Risk Management

By Maria Long, Content Director, The Standards Board for Alternative Investments (SBAI) Responsible Investment (“RI”), also known as ESG Investing or Sustainable Investing, is a growing area of interest for asset managers, allocators, and regulators. Historically RI was associated with value-based exclusions of specific securities or sectors from a portfolio,Read More


What Hedge Fund Risk Systems Don’t See

Mar 16th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Linus Nilsson and Rikard Lundgren Many investors, trading floor managers, fund of fund allocators, and risk managers have experienced unexpectedly large losses that were not predicted by their risk management systems. Seemingly out of the blue, a safe portfolio can generate large losses for reasons that had not beenRead More


What About Beta? | Breaking the Fourth Wall of ESG

Mar 14th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, What About Beta?, ESG, Risk Management

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, FDP, Director of Global Content Development at CAIA Association “In a real magic act, everything is fake.” – Wanda Maximoff, WandaVision (2021) A harmless phrase used in the latest addition to the Marvel Cinematic Universe, WandaVision. The protagonist, Wanda Maximoff, has created a false reality byRead More


The Art of Due Diligence, Part II: The Good News for Emerging Managers

Mar 2nd, 2021 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Risk Management

By Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director, Content Strategy, CAIA Association, and Mark S. Rzepczynski, PhD, CEO, AMPHI Research and Trading Managing alternative assets is especially competitive for small and emerging managers. At the end of 2020, HFR data shows that the private hedge fund industry had $3.6Read More


The Art of Due Diligence, Part I: The Story Beyond the Numbers

Feb 25th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director, Content Strategy, CAIA Association and Mark S. Rzepczynski, PhD, Founding Partner and CEO, AMPHI Research and Trading Given the reliance on quantitative analysis in asset allocation, some investors may be tempted to continue with a numerical approach when filling their assetRead More


Enhancing an Income Portfolio with Factor Design

Feb 21st, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Daniel Fang, CFA, CAIA, Lead Portfolio Manager at Emotomy, and Sabrina Bailey, CEO at Emotomy Interest Rates to Stay Lower for Longer Since the Great Financial Crisis, central banks across all major economies have kept interest rates low to stimulate economic growth (See Exhibit 1). This trajectory took aRead More


Strategic Note: Improved Smile-Implied Hedging

Jan 21st, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

A recent paper by two Canadian scholars looks to improve on the art of smile-implied option replication. Pascal Francois, of the HEC Montreal Department of Finance, and Lars Stentoft, of the University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics, begins with the observation that options can be dynamically replicated using model-freeRead More


The Often-Forgotten Art and Science of Manager Due Diligence

Jan 10th, 2021 | Filed under: Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Risk Management

By Shana Sissel, CAIA – Chief Investment Officer of Spotlight Asset Group For almost two decades I have worked in roles that were heavily focused on investment manager due diligence across asset classes and legal structures. I began my career in due diligence-focused on the world of hedge funds. HedgeRead More


Using ESG as a Risk Management Tool

Dec 10th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, ESG, Risk Management

In the first half of 2020, a period dominated by the spread of the Covid-19 virus and by the shut-down of economic activity in country after country around the world, investing with an eye to environmental, social, and governance issues proved valuable as a risk management measure, according to anRead More


The New Generation of Behavioral Finance

Nov 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, ESG, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

Meir Statman, a professor of finance at Santa Clara University and a consultant to Avantis Investors, has focused his scholarly efforts for decades on behavioral finance, and those efforts have given us a recent book on the subject, Behavioral Finance: The Second Generation. In Statman’s view the first generation ofRead More


Measuring the Inflation Risk of Three ‘Inflation-Hedges’

Nov 24th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Commodities & Natural Resources

By Doris Bao, FRM and Alex Botte, CFA, CAIA, Client Solutions Research team at Two Sigma In our previous post on inflation, we covered how the Local Inflation risk factor in Venn, Two Sigma’s risk analytics platform, is constructed and we reviewed its historical performance. The primary conclusion was thatRead More


Keynes vs. Markowitz ‘Thrilla in Portfolia’

Nov 19th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Hossein Kazemi, PhD, CFA, CAIA Association, FDP Institute, and Isenberg School of Management Introduction While Keynes vs. Markowitz is not as thrilling as Ali vs. Frazier, it has important implications for investors when selecting funds and investment managers when constructing portfolios.  In this “fight,” we have in one cornerRead More


A Renewal of the Value Factor in Equities

Nov 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

David Blitz, the head of quant research at Robeco, and Robeco researcher Matthias Hanauer have posted a commentary on the value factor. This is one of the classic Fama-French factors. It began life in 1992 as a simple “high minus low” (HML) calculation; the postulation that stocks with high book-to-marketRead More


OECD Works on Sorting Through the ESG Ratings Systems

Nov 8th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, ESG, Risk Management

A report from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development critiques “current market practices” in connection with Environmental, Social, and Governance investing. It says that the bewildering ratings, investment terminology, and individual metrics, “present a fragmented and inconsistent view of ESG risks and performances.” On the bright side, the OECDRead More


Why Alternative Investment Operations Still Matter

Oct 20th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Private Equity, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Jason Scharfman Esq., CFE, CRISC, CAMS, CAIA Managing Partner, Corgentum Consulting As an operational due diligence (ODD) professional who performs ODD reviews of alternative investment managers on behalf of institutional investors and family offices, I have noticed a recent increase not only in the number of ODD reviews investorsRead More


Three Sources of Alpha: A Call for Small Manager Investment

Oct 13th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Private Equity, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds, Commodities & Natural Resources

By Karl Rogers, ACE Capital Investments I recently finished a multi-strategy fund of hedge funds build for an institution where I focused on three sources of alpha: small manager, equities and commodities. Small Manager Alpha Given that “small” managers have been found to outperform their larger peers[1], why do manyRead More


The Case for Redefining the Risk-free Asset

Sep 13th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

The quantitative analysis of markets, and of the performance of fund managers, is in large part the mathematical treatment of various (often contested) metrics of risk. Let us bring two points about risk into collision. First, over more than three decades scholars have debated the “equity premium puzzle.” Why doRead More


IS DOWNSIDE RISK PRICED IN CRYPTOCURRENCY MARKET?

Aug 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: Emerging Asset Classes, Access to Alternatives, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Victoria Dobrynskaya, PhD, associate professor of Finance at National Research University Higher School of Economics Looking at the whole cryptocurrency market through the prism of standard multi-factor asset-pricing models reveals that there is a significant heterogeneity in the exposure to the downside market risk across coins, and that aRead More


Putting 2020 into Perspective: Diversification May Work Better than You Think

Aug 6th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Rodney Sullivan, CFA, CAIA, Executive Director, University of Virginia Darden School of Business US recessions are typically accompanied by declines in stock market returns and, of course, 2020 has been no exception. We are once again reminded that investing is not easy leaving many investors to wonder how bestRead More


An ‘Alternative’ Safe-Haven

Jul 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Karl Rogers, ACE Capital Investments Abstract: The sovereign bond market has traditionally been a widely used tool for portfolio construction given its dual characteristics of returning a real yield with a negative correlation to equity markets – providing both a real return expectancy and portfolio protection. Given the zero-lower-boundRead More


The Inflation-Deflation Debate and its Implication for Asset Allocation 

Jun 28th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Alan Dunne, Managing Director, Abbey Capital One of the key questions facing investors at the moment is whether inflation or deflation represents the bigger risk for the coming years. Economists are split on this and one of the reasons for the uncertainty is that COVID-19 represents both a supplyRead More


Variance Risk Premium: What Premium?

Jun 25th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Nicolas Rabener of FactorResearch (@FactorResearch) INTRODUCTION Investing is akin to fighting in the forever war. There are long periods of peace and prosperity, but investors are frequently drawn into short-term combat, extended battles, and multi-year wars. And the cycle repeats over and over. For some of the foot soldiers,Read More


Stewardship: It Hertz When You Ignore It

May 26th, 2020 | Filed under: Private Debt, Newly Added, What About Beta?, Risk Management

Hertz has been around for just over a century. It was started by a fellow name Jacobs in the city of Chicago with a very modest fleet consisting of about a dozen Model Ts. The ensuing years would find the growing franchise initially as a small business owned by JohnRead More


Time-varying Equity Volatility Markedly Affects Hedge Fund Performance

May 19th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Masao Matsuda, CAIA, FRM, Founder, Crossgates Investment and Risk Management One would think hedge funds can weather market gyrations better than long-only equity investments as hedge funds have greater flexibility in determining the levels of market exposure.  However, while some individual hedge funds may have been successful in adverse marketRead More


Volatility Forecasting Across the Financial Markets

May 12th, 2020 | Filed under: Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Mark Caslin, CEO, Alder Capital Uses of volatility forecasting in financial markets Volatility is generally accepted as the best measure of market risk and volatility forecasting is used in many different applications across the industry. These include risk management, VAR, portfolio construction and optimisation, active fund management, risk-parity investing,Read More


Model Risk Management as Algo Trading Expands

May 10th, 2020 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Newly Added, Risk Management

The FICC Market Standards Board Ltd. (FMSB) is a London-based standards body for participants in the wholesale fixed income, currencies, and commodities (FICC) markets. It has been looking into the root causes of market misconduct, and pursuant to that research it recently published a report on the “themes and challenges”Read More


Time-varying Volatility Adds a Critical Dimension to Diversification

Apr 21st, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Masao Matsuda, CAIA, FRM, Founder, Crossgates Investment and Risk Management In January 2020, the CAIA New York Chapter organized an event titled “Volatility? Downside Protection? Asset Allocation & Factor Management Tools for the Coming Decade.”[i] In retrospect, the event was uncannily prescient, as just a few months into the newRead More


Peeling Back the Wrapper of Hedge Fund Strategies

Apr 13th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Aaron Filbeck, CAIA, CFA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association During CAIA Association’s most recent Virtual Chapter event, Keith and I (virtually) sat down with Chris Tidmore, CFA, CPA at The Vanguard Group to discuss Vanguard’s recent whitepaper, “The Wrapper Matters: Comparing Liquid Alternatives to Hedge Funds”Read More


Covid-19 Alpha

Mar 31st, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Newly Added, Risk Management

During the Global Financial Crisis, the financial world learned that, in times of calamity, “the correlations of risk-on assets move towards one.”  Asset classes that had appeared to be uncorrelated and which appeared to contain only idiosyncratic risks suddenly became correlated.  It turned out that systemic risk (correlation) was non-linear. Read More


Using Alternative Data and Machine Learning in Alternative Asset Classes

Mar 30th, 2020 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Newly Added, Risk Management

Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director of Content Strategy, CAIA Association Michael Oliver Weinberg and Peter Strikwerda work at the Dutch pension fund APG and serve as the head of hedge funds and alternative alpha and the global head of digital and innovation, respectively. CAIA Association and FDPRead More


Diversification Strikes Back!

Mar 13th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Real Estate, Private Equity, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds, Commodities & Natural Resources

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association, and Keith Black, PhD, CFA, CAIA, FDP, Managing Director, Content Strategy at CAIA Association “Diversification is back” – now that’s not a phrase we’ve heard in a long time…long time. Considering recent market performance, we thought thatRead More


Real Assets ‘Inception:’ Diversification within Diversification

Feb 27th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Real Estate, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Commodities & Natural Resources

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development at CAIA Association Excerpted from the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, Volume 8, Issue 1 The Alternative Investment Analyst Review is the official publication of the CAIA Association. Access to the most current issue is an exclusive benefit of CAIA MembershipRead More


Taleb: What Size Tail Does the Smart Money Bet On?

Jan 28th, 2020 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

Statistician/philosopher Nassim Nicholas Taleb critiques “behavioral” economics and finance as he looks at the differences between “binary forecasts” and “real world payoffs,” in a recent paper for the International Journal of Forecasting. Much of the argument will be familiar to those who have some acquaintance with Taleb’s work as itRead More


SASB + TCFD = Common ESG Disclosure Standards?

Jan 26th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, ESG, Risk Management

The Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), a non-profit organization has developed industry-specific standards across environmental, social, and governance topics, working toward a consensus on the sorts of disclosures that the issuers of securities should and will make to their investors. In November 2018, SASB released complete standards for 77 industries.Read More


CAIA Alternative Viewpoint: Risk Parity

Jan 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Risk Management

Mean variance optimization (MVO) is a simple, yet well-regarded asset allocation technique designed to create a portfolio that maximizes it’s expected level of return for a given level of standard deviation. Many institutions construct diversified portfolios using this simple technique, attempting to maximize their risk-adjusted returns. While popular with manyRead More


False Positives and Machine Learning

Jan 23rd, 2020 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

There is a high rate of failure among quant funds. These include smart beta, factor investing, statistical arbitrage, and CTAs. Such false positive strategies are a widespread industry problem. Since psychiatrists have long traded on the ability of the human mind to find an elaborate narrative in a random inkRead More


Hope May Not Be a Strategy…But Neither is a 60/40

Jan 21st, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, What About Beta?, Risk Management

By Guest Contributor Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM, Associate Director, Content Development The death of the 60/40 may be a welcome change for multi-asset investors who understand that exposure to risk premia is perhaps a far better long-term investment strategy. Diversification remains an important facet of asset allocation, but weRead More


An Alternative View of Manager Selection Risk

Jan 16th, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Manager Selection, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

By Aaron Filbeck, CFA, CAIA, CIPM & Hossein Kazemi, PhD, CFA, CAIA Association & CISDM This is a summary of the editor’s letter originally published in the Volume 8, Issue 4 of the Alternative Investment Analyst Review, a journal published by CAIA Association. The Problem with Studies Many studies onRead More


SHARE BUYBACKS OR COMPOSITE EQUITY ISSUANCE?

Jan 1st, 2020 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

By Daniel Fang, CFA, CAIA, Quantitative Research, and Diana Olteanu-Veerman, CFA, Quantitative Strategy, Northern Trust Asset Management Composite Equity Issuance (Cei) Can be a Proxy for Intangible Returns Anomalies Even though factor investing is widely supported in academia and investment practice, forecasting and harvesting factor returns remains challenging for various reasons.Read More


Pairs Trading Suggested for Energy Stocks

Dec 11th, 2019 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

Carlos Salas Najera, of the New York City Data Science Academy, has tested an old idea (pairs trading) for a strategy that could be tailored to energy stocks and related ETFs. The resulting paper is “Pairs Trading and VAR Analysis Applied to Energy Stocks.” His latest paper, though, has aRead More


Requiem for a Heavyweight

Dec 2nd, 2019 | Filed under: Manager Selection, Newly Added, What About Beta?, Risk Management

By Bill Kelly, CAIA Association CEO A requiem is a solemn chant for the repose of the dead. Chant-worthiness when it comes to the Enron Corporation is still subject to much debate depending, of course, upon which side of that trade you were on as the company slipped into bankruptcyRead More


Alternative Investments: Investing By Numbers

Nov 19th, 2019 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Featured Post, Real Estate, Private Equity, Private Debt, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds, Commodities & Natural Resources

What’s in the future for alternative investments asset management? A new publication from Ernst & Young, London, contends that allocations to alternative investments and are “robust,” but that there is an important shift underway in favor of private equity and at the expense of hedge funds. In 2018, 40% ofRead More


How to Improve Momentum Risk Management

Nov 12th, 2019 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

Matthew X. Hanauer and Steffen Windmueller, two scholars affiliated with the Technical University of Munich, compare the performance of three risk management approaches applicable to the momentum strategy. Their new paper also explores the risk management techniques available for hedge fund managers and others who pursue a momentum strategy. ARead More


Past performance guarantees no future results

Oct 17th, 2019 | Filed under: Data Science & AI, State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

Since, as everyone says, “past performance is no guarantee of future results,” a history of close correlation between two assets, or between a single asset and a benchmark, is no guarantee of future correlation. The threat that a correlation upon which a particular investor has relied will cease to applyRead More


Bitcoin Derivatives Behaving Just Like Other Underlying Assets

Oct 15th, 2019 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Access to Alternatives, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

Bitcoin derivatives act a lot like the derivatives of other asset classes. Two scholars at the University of London recently looked at bitcoin’s “volatility smiles and skews” as found in the short and long dated maturity of options traded at the Deribit Exchange in 2019. Helyette Geman and Henry Price,Read More


Meet the New Crisis: Looks Like the Old Crisis

Oct 13th, 2019 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management

Last month saw an extraordinary spike in the interest rates of the repo market—the market that consists of the (very) short-term, usually the overnight, borrowing of government securities. Hedge funds, along with other institutions such as trading firms and banks, regularly hand over US Treasury bills and the like inRead More


The Persistence of the Low-Risk Effect

Oct 10th, 2019 | Filed under: State of the Industry, Featured Post, Newly Added, Asset Allocation, Risk Management, Hedge Funds

The “volatility effect,” also known as the “low-risk effect,” is the subject of a new paper from Robeco. The gist of the “effect” is this: low-risk stocks “should” show a lesser return than high-risk stocks. The Capital Asset Pricing Model predicts a linear relationship between the risk of a securityRead More